Amerika

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Introduction

Amerika was a Passenger/ Refrigerated cargo ship completed in 1930 and sunk in 1943 by enemy action with heavy loss of life including that of 37 members of the Royal Canadian Air Force. Her sister vessels were called Canada and Europa.

Amerika
Amerika from a postcard[1]

Basic Data

Item Value
Type Passenger/cargo (rf)
Registered owners,managers and operators A/S Det Ostasiatiske Kompagni (East Asiatic Line)
Builders Burmeister & Wain
Yard Copenhagen
Country Denmark
Yard number 559
Registry London (in 1943)
Official number 167544
Signal letters N/K
Call sign GLMX
Classification society N/K
Gross tonnage 10,110
Net tonnage 6,248
Deadweight N/K
Length 465.4 Ft
Breadth 62.2 Ft
Depth 37.2 Ft
Draught N/K
Engines 2-stroke cycle double acting 6 cylinder oil engine (2S.C.DA) with cylinder bore 24 3/4" and stroke 55 1/4".
Engine builders Burmeister & Wain
Works Copenhagen
Country Denmark
Power: 1,236 NHP
Boiler Double boiler - 100 psi
Propulsion Single screw
Speed 15 Knots
Cargo capacity N/K
Passengers Normally 70
Crew N/K

Additional Construction Information

The 1943-44 Lloyds Register entry for Amerika contains the following additional information:

  • She had two steel decks with a third steel deck in motor spaces and forward holds
  • Fitted with electronic direction finding equipment

Career Highlights

Date Event
22 August 1929 Launched
January 1930 Completed
May 1940 Transferred to the UK Ministry of War Transport (MoWT) operated by United Baltic Corporation, London
22 April 1943 Sunk by torpedo

Service Pre WW2

A promotional brochure for the East Asiatic Company issued in 1939 and covering North Pacific ports covered the vessels Europa, Erria andAmerika.

The outbound ports of call were Copenhagen, Southampton, St. Thomas, Kingston, Cristobal, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Portland, Seattle, Vancouver

The inbound ports of call were Vancouver, San Francisco, Los Angeles, Panama Canal, Kingston, St. Thomas, London, Rotterdam, Hamburg, Gothenburg, Copenhagen.

Service in WW2

Amerika took part in 20 convoys and many independent voyages during WW2 according to information shown in the table below which is provided courtesy of Convoyweb - see External. Ref. #4.

Departure Convoy/Independent Arrival
Halifax, Mar 2, 1940 HX.24 (Halifax - Liverpool) Liverpool, Mar 16, 1940
Liverpool, Jun 8, 1940 OB.163 (Liverpool - Dispersed)
Independent Capetown, Jun 29, 1940
Capetown, Jul 7, 1940 Independent Port Elizabeth, Jul 9, 1940
Port Elizabeth, Jul 9, 1940 Independent Durban, Jul 11, 1940
Durban, Jul 17, 1940 Independent Mombasa, Jul 23, 1940
Mombasa, Jul 25, 1940 Independent Colombo, Aug 2, 1940
Colombo, Aug 2, 1940 Independent Calcutta, Aug 7, 1940
Calcutta, Aug 19, 1940 Independent Colombo, Aug 24, 1940
Colombo, Aug 25, 1940 Independent Capetown, Sep 9, 1940
Capetown, Sep 20, 1940 Independent Freetown, Sep 30, 1940
Freetown, Oct 3, 1940 SL.50 (Freetown - Liverpool) Liverpool, Oct 25, 1940
Liverpool, Dec 10, 1940 Independent Swansea, Dec 11, 1940
Independent Newport, Dec 15, 1940
Swansea, Dec 15, 1940 Independent
Newport, Jan 1, 1941 Independent Freetown, Jan 18, 1941
Freetown, Jan 20, 1941 Independent Capetown, Jan 31, 1941
Capetown, Feb 1, 1941 Independent Port Elizabeth, Feb 3, 1941
Port Elizabeth, Feb 6, 1941 Independent Durban, Feb 10, 1941
Durban, Feb 15, 1941 Independent Mombasa, Mar 7, 1941
Mombasa, Mar 9, 1941 Independent Aden, Mar 15, 1941
Aden, Mar 18, 1941 US.9/2 (Bombay - Suez) Port Sudan, Mar 20, 1941
Port Sudan, Mar 25, 1941 Independent Suez, Mar 28, 1941
Port Said, Apr 16, 1941 Independent Alexandria, Apr 17, 1941
Alexandria, May 6, 1941 MW.7A (Alexandria - Malta) Malta, May 9, 1941
Malta, Jul 23, 1941 MG.1A (Malta - Gibraltar) Gibraltar, Jul 26, 1941
Gibraltar, Aug 6, 1941 HG.34FA (Gibraltar - Liverpool) Belfast Lough, Aug 13, 1941
Independent Liverpool, Nov 1, 1941
Belfast Lough, Nov 1, 1941 Independent
Liverpool, Nov 13, 1941 ON.36 (Liverpool - Dispersed)
Independent Bermuda, Nov 30, 1941
Bermuda, Nov 30, 1941 Independent Curacao, Dec 4, 1941
Curacao, Dec 11, 1941 Independent Cristobal, Dec 13, 1941
Balboa, Dec 20, 1941 Independent Melbourne, Jan 15, 1942
Melbourne, Jan 22, 1942 Independent Sydney NSW, Jan 23, 1942
Independent Newcastle NSW, Feb 1, 1942
Sydney NSW, Feb 1, 1942 Independent
Newcastle NSW, Feb 5, 1942 Independent Wellington, Feb 10, 1942
Wellington, Feb 19, 1942 Independent Balboa, Mar 15, 1942
Cristobal, Mar 23, 1942 Independent Halifax, Apr 2, 1942
Halifax, Apr 8, 1942 HX.184 (Halifax - Liverpool) Clyde, Apr 20, 1942
Clyde, Aug 6, 1942 ON.119 (Liverpool - NYC) New York, Aug 20, 1942
New York, Sep 3, 1942 NG.302 (NYC - Guantanamo) Guantanamo, Sep 10, 1942
Guantanamo, Sep 13, 1942 GZ.3 (Guantanamo - Cristobal) Cristobal, Sep 17, 1942
Balboa, Sep 19, 1942 Independent Auckland, Oct 11, 1942
Auckland, Oct 22, 1942 Independent Lyttelton, Nov 8, 1942
Wellington, Nov 8, 1942 Independent
Lyttelton, Nov 16, 1942 Independent Bluff, Nov 18, 1942
Bluff, Nov 22, 1942 Independent Wellington, Nov 27, 1942
Wellington, Dec 1, 1942 Independent Balboa, Dec 22, 1942
Cristobal, Dec 28, 1942 ZG.17 (Cristobal - Guantanamo) Guantanamo, Jan 1, 1943
Guantanamo, Jan 1, 1943 GN.32 (Guantanamo - NYC) New York, Jan 9, 1943
New York, Jan 14, 1943 HX.223 (NYC - Liverpool) Liverpool, Feb 2, 1943
Liverpool, Feb 21, 1943 ON.168 (Liverpool - Dispersed) Belfast Lough, Feb 22, 1943
Belfast Lough, Mar 4, 1943 ON.170 (Liverpool - NYC) Halifax, Mar 19, 1943
Halifax, Apr 14, 1943 HX.234 (NYC - Liverpool)

Amerika was lost while taking part in convoy HX. 234.

Amerika
This is a photo taken from the tanker San Emiliano in April 1942 whilst on convoy HX234. Stan Mayes is on the left. You can just see the two funnels of Amerika beyond the aft deck of British Power. San Emiliano was herself sunk by a submarine on 6 Aug 1942 with the loss of 40 lives out of a total complement of 48. [3]

Loss of Amerika

From the various accounts available and casualty lists, a total of 86 people lost their lives when Amerika was attacked and sunk by a German submarine.

The Convoy Commodore's Report

A report completed by Commodore E. C. Denison on Convoy HX 234 is transcribed below. The main casualty of this convoy was Amerika which was torpedoed and sunk, though another ship Silvermaple was struck a glancing blow by another torpedo. This information was obtained from the Warsailors website - External Ref. #14.

OPERATIONS OF U-BOATS IN VICINITY OF AND ATTACKS ON CONVOY HX 234
April 21-25 1943 - All times GMT (the report is incomplete)

The first intimation that Convoy was being shadowed was at 04:00/21 when HMS Pennywort, stationed on starboard quarter of Convoy, attacked a U-boat in Position 56 27N 47 30W. Course and speed of Convoy at the time was 074° 9 1/2 knots. It was known that Convoy ONS 3 was being attacked to the southeast and that Convoy ON 178 steering south 150 miles ahead of HX 234 had been sighted and reported. Course of Convoy was immediately altered to 050° and to 080° at 12:00/21. Course was again altered to 047° after dark at 21:30/21.

A strong Northerly gale had meanwhile sprung up with heavy snow blizzards and during the night the speed of the Convoy was reduced to 3-4 knots. At about 01:00/22 Amerika (No. 75), rear ship of the 7th column, was torpedoed and sunk in Position 57 30N 42 45W. No rockets were seen and no distress signals were intercepted. She was hit on the port side aft and amidships. The only ship in the Convoy that saw Amerika torpedoed was Washington Express (No. 84) who reported having seen 3 flashes and heard a syren. The latter ship did not fire any white rockets. Corner Brook (No. 64) reported that the last time she saw Amerika was just before the alteration of course at 21:30/21 and that she was then a long way astern of station. NOTE: Amerika had a declared speed of 14 knots.

HMS Asphodel picked up 54 survivors. It is regretted that there were 86 casualties. Convoy was slightly scattered during the gale, but as the weather moderated soon after daylight, quickly reformed. Course was altered to 060° at 12:00/22. Speed 9 1/2 knots. Patrolling Liberator reported several submarines to the southeast in Position 48 27N 40 00W at distances varying from 8-16 miles. Plane returned to base at dusk.

Evasive alterations of course of 30° to Port at 20:30/22 and 33° to starboard at 23:00/22 were carried out. Very heavy snow storms were encountered during the night of 22/23 which were of great assistance in hiding the Convoy which was not attacked. At 08:00/23 course of Convoy was altered to 075°. At 12:00/23 HMS Vimy, who was on the starboard beam of Convoy, reported 2 submarines on the surface bearing 210° 15 miles and attacked with depth charges. Position of Convoy at the time was 59 16N 36 12W. HMS Highlander proceeded to reinforce HMS Vimy.

At 14:00/23 in Position 59 18N 35 30W Silvermaple (No. 101), leader of 10th column, was torpedoed starboard side aft. Master reported that she had been hit in the after peak tank which was full of water and that his cargo oil was leaking. He considered Torpedo must have been at the end of its run. It would appear to have been a glancing blow and Torpedo must have exploded outside the ship as, although a high column of water was observed damage was comparatively slight and ship was able to proceed with Convoy at 9 1/2 knots after about half an hour.

Convoy was immediately turned 90° to Port by two Emergency Turns. Mean Course of 075° was resumed at 15:15/23. Two Liberators arrived at 16:00/23, patrolled round Convoy and reported sighting several U-boats. At 19:30/23 one of the planes reported a U-boat sinking in Position 59 45N 34 35W as a result of his attack. 13-16 survivors were seen swimming in the water. At 18:30/23, HMS Anemone (port beam of Convoy) reported firm contact and carried out a Depth Charge attack. Liberators returned to base at dusk.

Course of Convoy was altered to 090° at 1 8:45/23. Evasive alterations of Course of 20° to Port at 23:00/23 and 30° to starboard at 04:00/24 were carried out during the night. HMS Pennywort (on starboard quarter of Convoy) sighted a U-boat bearing 150° 2 1/2 miles at 01 :20/24 and fired star shell. U-boat dived.

The night of 23/24 was calm and clear with a bright moon. No attack materialised, which was surprising as the conditions were ideal for the U-boats of which there were many in the vicinity. Possibly the loss of one of their pack had depressed them. At 06:00/24 2 Catalinas arrived and at 13:00/24 one of them reported a U-boat bearing 240° 30 miles (the 2's and the 3's in this handwritten report sometimes look alike, but I believe the time 13:00 given here is correct). An Easterly gale sprang up during the day and increased in violence during the night. Planes returned to base at dusk. As Convoy was still being shadowed, evasive alterations of 30° to starboard at 22:00/24 and 40° to Port at 03:00/25 were made during the night.

Senior Officer of Escort estimated that 12 U-boats were concentrated on Convoy on April 23rd. The loss of such a fine ship as Amerika is very much deplored. It is, however, felt that had she been in her proper station, she might quite easily have escaped. Signal "submarines known to be in vicinity well closed up" had been made twice to the.. .......(unfortunately, the next page is missing, only a few lines are visible, where Commodore Denison says: "The skill, judgement and determination of the Senior Officer, Commander Day and the C.O.'s of the Escort Vessels were worthy of high commendation".)

Uboat Reports on the Loss

The Uboat.net website - External Ref. #3 - has the following notes of the loss:

At 01.54 hours on 22 Apr, 1943, the Amerika (Master Christian Nielsen), a straggler from convoy HX-234, was torpedoed and sunk by U-306 south of Cape Farewell. 42 crew members, seven gunners and 37 passengers (RCAF personnel) were lost. The master, 29 crew members, eight gunners and 16 passengers were picked up by HMS Asphodel (K 56) (Lt H.P. Carse, DSC, RNVR) and landed at Greenock.

The Master Christian Nielsen was awarded the Lloyds War Medal for bravery at sea.

The ubootwaffe.net website - External Ref. #2 - provides the following additional information:

Cargo - 53 RCAF personnel and 8, 844 tons general cargo including metal, flour, meat and 200 bags of mail

Amerika was attacked and sunk with a two-torpedo spread. U-306 was part of the 'Meise' patrol group of 28 U-boats.

Survivors

According to a newspaper report at the time, the following members of the Royal Canadian Air Force survived the sinking of the ship:

There is an personal account of the loss of Amerika and what happened afterwards by one of the Canadian survivors John Wouters, on the Benjidog Recollections website HERE. The account includes photos of some of the survivors.

Roll of Honour

When Amerika was lost, the death toll included crew, DEMS gunners and RCAF servicemen.

Merchant Navy Losses

The table below lists the 42 merchant seamen lost when Amerika was sunk and is derived from the Tower Hill memorial and the Commonwealth War Grave Commission's "Debt of Honour" database.

Surname Forenames D.O.D. Rank Cemetery/Memorial Grave Ref. Additional Information
Andersen Kjeld J. 22/04/1943 Second Radio Officer Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 39
Andersen Poul 22/04/1943 Able Seaman Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 26. Son of Poul Ludwig andersen and Anine Wilhelmine andersen.
Andersson Nils Edvin 22/04/1943 Boatswain Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 63. Husband of Anna Elizabeth andersson (Nee Peterson), of Copenhagen, Denmark.
Arnason Geir 22/04/1943 Ordinary Seaman Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 17
Beldring Mogens 22/02/1943 Able Seaman Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 22. Son of Alfred Carl Johannes Beldring and Justa Elisabeth Beldring, of Saedding, Esbjerg, Denmark.
Bell John 22/04/1943 Assistant Storekeeper Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 18. Son of William Bell, and of Margaret Bell, of Liverpool.
Calvert Gordon Clifford 22/04/1943 Steward Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 28. Son of W. G. and Gertrude A. Calvert, of Abbey Wood, Kent.
Christensen Walter 22/04/1943 Cook Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 22. Son of Inga E. S. Christensen, of Copenhagen, Denmark.
Christiansen Henry 22/04/1943 Junior Engineer Officer Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 29. Son of Anton and Martha Christiansen, of Horsens, Denmark.
Daw Bernard Augustine 22/04/1943 Steward Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 21. Son of Charles and Johanna Daw, of Cardiff.
Devlin Joseph 22/04/1943 Steward Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 28
Donovan Charles Patrick 22/04/1943 Steward Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 21
Frederiksen Jens 22/04/1943 Greaser Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 21
Gantzel Else 22/04/1943 Stewardess Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 38
Gerda-Wischke Henriette 22/04/1943 Assistant Stewardess Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 29. Daughter of G. and Juliane Gerda-Wischke, of Holte, Denmark.
Goran Jack 22/04/1943 Steward Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 29
Gregersen Evald 22/04/1943 Assistant Cook Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 24
Griffiths Alfred James 22/04/1943 Third Radio Officer Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 29. Son of James and Annie Griffiths, of Ashley, Staffordshire.
Horn Anker 22/04/1943 Steward Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 20. Son of Mr. and Mrs. Max W. Horn, of Copenhagen, Denmark.
Jensen Carlo Arnfred 22/04/1943 Junior Engineer Officer Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 31. Son of Jens Marius Jensen and Ingeborg Jensen, of Holstebro, Denmark; Husband of Verona Jensen, of Aalsgaarde, Denmark.
Jensen Gunni E. R. 22/04/1943 Steward Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 19
Johansen Jens 22/04/1943 Able Seaman Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 26
Johnsen Emil 22/04/1943 Junior Engineer Officer Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 39. Son of Christian Emil J. Johnsen and of Annesse Johnsen (Nee Eliasan); Husband of Dagny K. M. Johnsen, of Copenhagen, Denmark.
King Harold Gelderd 22/04/1943 Assistant Steward Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 34. Son of James and Lizzie King; Husband of Elizabeth Scott King, of Wavertree, Liverpool.
Kristensen Karl Marinus 22/04/1943 Junior Engineer Officer Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 43. Son of Kristine Petersen; Husband of Magda Kristensen, of Copenhagen, Denmark.
Larsen Edmund 22/04/1943 Purser Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 51. Son of Oluf Emil and Hanne Elizabeth Larsen; Husband of Karen Sofie Larsen, of Copenhagen, Denmark.
Levy Joe 22/04/1943 Steward Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 37. Son of Rheuben and Maria Levy.
Maher Patrick 22/04/1943 Bartender Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 38. Son of Thomas Maher, and of Annie Maher (Nee Hayes), of Carrick-On-Suir, Co. Tipperary, Irish Republic.
Mogensen Svend Aage 22/04/1943 Electrician Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 42. Son of Jens Peter and Anna Margrethe Modensen; Husband of Ruth Dagny Mogensen.
Muhring Ernst 21/04/1943 Chief Engineer Officer Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 46. Son of Johan Karl Fridrich Muhring and of Laura Juliane Muhring (Nee Wismar); Husband of Kamilla Muhring, of Copenhagen, Denmark. His Brother Johan Perished With Him.
Muhring Johan 21/04/1943 Third Engineer Officer Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 31. Son of Johan Karl Fridrich Muhring and of Laura Juliane Muhring (Nee Wismar); Husband of Marie Muhring (Nee Rav), of Nyborg, Denmark. His Brother Ernst Perished With Him.
Pedersen Leo 22/04/1943 Greaser Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 37
Petersen George 22/04/1943 Steward Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 28
Puge Knud Aage 22/04/1943 Third Engineer Officer Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 34. Son of Lars and Sigrid Puge, of Nakskov, Denmark.
Rasmussen Karl 22/04/1943 Greaser Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 33
Richardt Carl 22/04/1943 Baker Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 37
Schlichter Tommy O. 22/04/1943 Assistant Cook Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 19
Selmer Herschel Henry 22/04/1943 Assistant Cook Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 29. Husband of Ethel May Selmer, of Cwmbran. Monmouthshire.
Sorensen Knud Bauer 22/04/1943 Able Seaman Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 24. Son of Rasmus Ducinius Sorensen and Sofie Sorensen, of Gorlev, Denmark.
Sorensen Sophus William Christian 22/04/1943 Chief Cook Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 48. Son of Benelt and Sofie Sorensen, of Hvidovre, Copenhagen; Husband of Sara Sorensen, of Hvidovre, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Stainthorpe Arthur 22/04/1943 Assistant Cook Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 22. Son of Arthur and Alice Stainthorpe, of Whetley Hill, Bradford, Yorkshire.
Stroe-Nielsen Ejnar 22/04/1943 Carpenter Tower Hill Memorial Panel 7. Age 37. Husband of Aase Stroe-Nielsen, of Dragor, Denmark.

Henriette Gerdawischke

It is clear from the casualty list that many of the crew were Danish. One of these was Henriette Gerdawischke (although her name is spelled incorrectly on the Tower Hill memorial and records of the CWGC). I was very surprised to be contacted in November 2012 by her nephew who sent me the photograph below.

She had earlier survived the sinking of Canada, another Danish passenger/cargo ship completed in 1935 and sunk by a mine on 4 November 1939.

Henriette Gerdawischke
This is a photo of Henriette Gerdawischke in uniform.[4]

Henriette was known to her family as Henny and her brother, who in 2012 was 98 years old and looking remarkably healthy, still spoke of her regularly. Henny was engaged to be married to 3rd Engineer Officer Knud Aage Puge of Nakskov who was also lost with Amerika and listed on the Tower Hill memorial. They were planning to marry after this trip to America but sadly this was not to be.

One day some years after the loss of the ship, Henny's brother who worked at the harbour met a sailor who had helped people who had been in Amerika's lifeboats. He recounted that Henny was frozen to death in one of the lifeboats along with many others.

It is a pleasure to put a face to at least one of the victims of this sad event and I am grateful to Tove Gerdawischke for contacting me about this and permitting me to publish the photo.

Gunnery Losses

The table below lists the 7 gunners who lost their lives. The information has been obtained from External Ref. #44.

Surname Forenames Description Other information
Cameron John Gunner RA 1816240 4 Maritime Regiment, RA, O/P
Drury Dennis F Act/Able Seaman (DEMS) C/JX 334386 President III, O/P, MPK
Gatherum David F Act/Able Seaman C/JX 391175 President III, O/P, MPK
Stone Frederick H Ty/Act/Seargeant, RFR, PLY/21231 President III, O/P, MPK
Tansey Dennis Act/Able Seaman (DEMS) C/JX 306849 President III, O/P, MPK
Turner Raymond Gunner RA 4695440 4 Maritime Regiment, RA, O/P
Wallis Roy Act/Able Seaman (DEMS) D/JX 337670 President III, O/P, MPK

Royal Canadian Air Force Losses

The table below lists the 37 members of the Royal Canadian Air Force who were passengers on Amerika and who lost their lives. The information has been derived from External Ref. #43 based on the dates of recorded death and the fact that they were commemorated on the Ottawa memorial and were lost at sea rather than buried.

Surname Forenames Rank
Borum John William  Flying Officer 
Bradley Lloyd Latimer  Pilot Officer 
Bray Eric William  Pilot Officer 
Clarke Donald Mason  Pilot Officer 
Clarke Russell Beverley  Pilot Officer 
Clipsham Archibald Charles  Pilot Officer 
Dean Stanley William  Pilot Officer 
Fife Benjamin Gordon  Pilot Officer 
Gibson Frank George  Pilot Officer 
Harding Clifford Alexander  Pilot Officer 
Healey Henry Harold  Pilot Officer 
Hetherington John Hugh Lyndon Flying Officer
Jackson Donald Victor Pilot Officer
Jardine Robert Stewart Pilot Officer
Johnson Merle Pilot Officer
Keys Frederick Bennett Pilot Officer
Kidd Terence William Pilot Officer
Lamont Douglas Peter Pilot Officer
Macdonald Alan Stuart Pilot Officer
Macdonald Ernest Mills Pilot Officer
Martin John Joseph Bernard Pilot Officer
McCloskey Richard Scott Flying Officer
Moore James Edward Pilot Officer
Mosser Andrew James Pilot Officer
Mosser Robert William Pilot Officer
O'connell Howard Ferguson Pilot Officer
Ollis Reginald Keith Pilot Officer
Pearson Arthur Henry Pilot Officer
Pidduck George William Pilot Officer
Ritchie Thomas James Pilot Officer
Rombough John Noble Pilot Officer
Scott William Alfred Dean Pilot Officer
Slack Warren Oliver Pilot Officer
Thompson Edward Flight Lieutenant
Tyler John Pilot Officer
Warren Joseph Howard Pilot Officer
Woods Kenneth Beverley Pilot Officer
Tower Hill Memorial
This is a photo of the panel on the Commonwealth War Graves Commission memorial at Tower Hill commemorating Amerika.[5]
Poppies

The Fate of U-306

The German submarine U-306 that sank Amerika, was itself sunk approximately 6 months later on 31 Oct 1943 in the North Atlantic north-east of the Azores, in position 46.19N, 20.44W, by depth charges from the British destroyer HMS Whitehall and corvette HMS Geranium. She was lost with all hands - 51 dead.

Image Credits

  1. From the site owner's postcard collection.
  2. By courtesy of the Library of Contemporary History, Stuttgart.
  3. By courtesy of Stan Mayes.
  4. By courtesy of Hans Gerdawischeke
  5. From the Benjidog Tower Hill Memorial website.