Ocean Vengeance

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Introduction

Ocean Vengeance was a cargo ship built for the UK Government during WW2 during which she was used extensively in convoys and for independent voyages. She survived the war and was sold for merchant navy use where she was in service with three companies until 1969 when she was broken up at Kaohsiung. To date I have been unable to source any photographs of her under her original name.

Ingleby
Ocean Vengeance as Ingleby - Location and date not known. [1]

Basic Data

Item Value
Type Cargo Ship
Registered owners, managers and operators Owners: British Government
Managers: Sir R. Ropner & Co. Ltd.
Builders Permanente Metals Corp.
Yard Shipyard No. 1, Richmond
Country USA
Yard number 21
Registry London
Official number 69059
Signal letters N/K
Call sign BDWB
Classification society Lloyd's Register
Gross tonnage 7,174
Net tonnage 4,272
Length 425.1 Ft.
Overall Length 441.5 Ft.
Breadth 57 Ft.
Depth 34.8 Ft.
Draught N/K
Engines Triple expansion steam engine with cylinders of bore 24.5", 37" and 70" with stroke 48"
Engine builders General Machinery Corp.
Works Hamilton
Country USA
Boilers 3 single ended boilers operating at 220psi.
Power 505 MN
Propulsion Single screw
Speed 11 knots
Cargo capacity N/K
Crew N/K
Ingleby
Ocean Vengeance as Ingleby - Location and date not known. [2]

Additional Construction Information

The Lloyds Register entry for Ocean Fame for 1945 has the following additional information about her:

  • Electric welded construction
  • Fitted with Radio direction-finding and Echo-sounding devices
  • 2 decks with cruiser stern

She was one a a class of 60 'Ocean' ships built in the USA for the British Ministry of War Transport to a standard design. The design was further developed to be the basis for the more well-known Liberty ships and this class is sometimes referred to as 'British Victory' ships. One of the reasons for the use of triple-expansion steam engines that were by that time pretty outdated, was that separate facilities could be used to those in demand for building naval vessels with turbine-driven propellors.

Ingleby
Ocean Vengeance as Martha Enterprise at Cochin - the date is not known. [3]

Career Highlights

Date Event
25 April 1942 Launched as Ocean Vengeance for the British Government
May 1942 Completed
1947 Sold to Ropner Shipping Co. Ltd. and renamed Ingleby
1960 Sold to Chowgule Steamships Ltd. and renamed Maratha Enterprise
1966 Sold to Great Ocean Steamship Co. and renamed Welcome
2 March 1969 Taken to be broken up at Kaohsiung

Service in WW2

Ocean Vengeance took part in a very large number of convoys according to information shown in the table below which is provided courtesy of Convoyweb - see External Ref. #4. The table also includes various independent voyages undertaken by this ship during the wartime period

Departure Convoy/Independent Arrival
San Francisco, May 26, 1942 Independent New Westminster, May 30, 1942
Independent Vancouver, Jun 5, 1942
New Westminster, Jun 5, 1942 Independent
Vancouver, Jun 8, 1942 Independent Comox, Jun 9, 1942
Comox, Jun 10, 1942 Independent Victoria Bc, Jun 11, 1942
Victoria Bc, Jun 13, 1942 Independent Port Alberni, Jun 14, 1942
Port Alberni, Jun 17, 1942 Independent Balboa, Jul 3, 1942
Cristobal, Jul 7, 1942 CW.3/1 (Cristobal - Guantanamao) Guantanamo, Jul 13, 1942
Key West, Jul 18, 1942 KN.121 (Key West - Hampton Roads) Hampton Roads, Jul 22, 1942
Hampton Roads, Jul 24, 1942 Independent New York, Jul 25, 1942
New York, Jul 31, 1942 Independent
Cape Cod Bay, Aug 5, 1942 BX.32 (Boston - Halifax) Halifax, Aug 7, 1942
Halifax, Aug 9, 1942 HX.202 (Halifax - Liverpool) Liverpool, Aug 21, 1942
Liverpool, Oct 9, 1942 Independent Loch Ewe, Oct 12, 1942
Clyde, Oct 25, 1942 KMS.2G (Loch Ewe - Algiers) Algiers, Nov 12, 1942
Algiers, Nov 21, 1942 MKS.2 (Algiers - Liverpool) Liverpool, Dec 3, 1942
Liverpool, Jan 3, 1943 Independent Clyde, Jan 4, 1943
Clyde, Jan 7, 1943 KMS.7G (Clyde - Algiers) Bone, Jan 22, 1943
Bone, Feb 1, 1943 MKS.7 (Algiers - Liverpool) Algiers, Feb 3, 1943
Algiers, Feb 5, 1943 MKS.7 (Algiers - Liverpool) Gibraltar, Feb 8, 1943
Gibraltar, Feb 11, 1943 RS.1 (Gibraltar - Freetown)
Independent Takoradi, Feb 23, 1943
Takoradi, Mar 19, 1943 TS.33 (Takoradi - Freetown) Freetown, Mar 26, 1943
Freetown, Mar 31, 1943 SL.127 (Freetown - Liverpool) Liverpool, Apr 23, 1943
WN.419 (Loch Ewe - Methil) Methil, Apr 25, 1943
Methil, Apr 25, 1943 FS.1099 (Methil - Southend) Immingham, Apr 26, 1943
FN.1013 (Southend - Methil) Spurn Head, May 6, 1943
Spurn Head, May 6, 1943 FN.1013 (Southend - Methil) Methil, May 7, 1943
Methil, May 9, 1943 EN.226 (Methil - Loch Ewe) Clyde, May 12, 1943
Clyde, Jun 25, 1943 KMS.19G (Clyde - Passed Gibraltar) Passed Gibraltar, Jul 6, 1943
Passed Gibraltar, Jul 6, 1943 KMS.19 (Passed Gibraltar - Op Husky)
Malta, Jul 23, 1943 KMS.19T (Malta - Tripoli, Libya) Tripoli, Jul 24, 1943
Tripoli, Jul 25, 1943 MKS.19Y (Tripoli, Libya - Gibraltar) Bizerta, Jul 27, 1943
Bizerta, Aug 7, 1943 not reported Tripoli, Aug 10, 1943
Tripoli, Sep 5, 1943 not reported Malta, Sep 6, 1943
Malta, Sep 9, 1943 TSS.4 (Malta - Salerno) Salerno, Sep 11, 1943
Malta, Sep 11, 1943 not reported Malta, Sep 20, 1943
Malta, Sep 23, 1943 KMS.26 (Gibraltar - Port Said) Alexandria, Sep 28, 1943
Alexandria, Oct 19, 1943 GUS.19 (Alexandria - Hampton Rds) Malta, Oct 24, 1943
Malta, Oct 26, 1943 AH.6 (Malta - Barletta) Bari, Oct 29, 1943
Bari, Nov 3, 1943 HA.7 (Bari - Augusta) Augusta, Nov 5, 1943
Augusta, Nov 7, 1943 MKS.30 (Port Said - Gibraltar) Bizerta, Nov 9, 1943
Bizerta, Nov 19, 1943 MKS.31 (Port Said - Gibraltar) Bougie, Nov 20, 1943
Bougie, Dec 1, 1943 KMS.33 (Gibraltar - Port Said) Syracuse, Dec 5, 1943
Augusta, Dec 6, 1943 AH.11 (Augusta - Bari) Bari, Dec 8, 1943
Taranto, Dec 14, 1943 HA.12 (Bari - Augusta) Augusta, Dec 16, 1943
Augusta, Dec 16, 1943 MKS.34 (Port Said - Gibraltar) Gibraltar, Dec 24, 1943
Gibraltar, Jan 1, 1944 OS.62 (ex OS 62/KMS 37 - Freetown) Freetown, Jan 11, 1944
Freetown, Jan 16, 1944 Independent Rio De Janeiro, Jan 27, 1944
Rio De Janeiro, Feb 12, 1944 Independent Freetown, Feb 24, 1944
Freetown, Mar 2, 1944 SL.151 (Freetown - r/v WITH MKS 42)
SL.151MK (r/v SL 151/MKS 42 - Liverpool) Loch Ewe, Mar 23, 1944
WN.561 (Loch Ewe - Methil) Methil, Mar 26, 1944
Methil, Mar 26, 1944 FS.1403 (Methil - Southend) Immingham, Mar 27, 1944
Southend, Jun 8, 1944 ETM.3 (Southend - Seine Bay) Normandy Beach (gold), Jun 9, 1944
Seine Bay, Jun 13, 1944 FWM.6 (Seine Bay - Solent) Solent, Jun 14, 1944
Seine Bay, Jun 14, 1944 Faust Southend, Jun 15, 1944
Southend, Jun 19, 1944 ETM.14 (Southend - Seine Bay) Seine Bay, Jun 20, 1944
Seine Bay, Jun 26, 1944 FTM.19 (Seine Bay - Southend) Southend, Jun 27, 1944
Southend, Jun 29, 1944 ETM.21 (Southend - Seine Bay) Seine Bay, Jun 30, 1944
Seine Bay, Jul 2, 1944 FTM.25 (Seine Bay - Southend) Southend, Jul 3, 1944
Southend, Jul 8, 1944 ETM.30 (Southend - Seine Bay) Seine Bay, Jul 9, 1944
Seine Bay, Jul 10, 1944 FTM.33 (Seine Bay - Southend) Southend, Jul 11, 1944
Southend, Jul 13, 1944 ETM.35 (Southend - Seine Bay) Seine Bay, Jul 14, 1944
Seine Bay, Jul 17, 1944 FTM.40 (Seine Bay - Southend) Southend, Jul 18, 1944
Southend, Jul 24, 1944 ETM.44 (Southend - Seine Bay) Seine Bay, Jul 25, 1944
Seine Bay, Jul 27, 1944 FTM.50 (Seine Bay - Southend) Southend, Jul 28, 1944
Southend, Aug 2, 1944 ETM.53 (Southend - Seine Bay) Seine Bay, Aug 3, 1944
Seine Bay, Aug 6, 1944 FTM.60 (Seine Bay - Southend) Southend, Aug 7, 1944
Southend, Aug 8, 1944 FN.1443 (Southend - Methil) Tyne, Aug 9, 1944
Tyne, Sep 2, 1944 FN.1467 (Southend - Methil) Methil, Sep 3, 1944
Methil, Sep 5, 1944 EN.431 (Methil - Loch Ewe) Loch Ewe, Sep 7, 1944
ON.252 (Liverpool - NYC) New York, Sep 22, 1944
St John Nb, Oct 4, 1944 FH.138A (St John Nb - Halifax) Halifax, Oct 6, 1944
Halifax, Oct 7, 1944 HX.312 (NYC - Liverpool) Liverpool, Oct 21, 1944
Liverpool, Nov 17, 1944 Independent Milford Haven, Nov 18, 1944
Milford Haven, Nov 23, 1944 not reported Downs, Nov 26, 1944
Southend, Dec 14, 1944 FN.1571 (Southend - Methil) Sunderland, Dec 15, 1944
Sunderland, Jan 6, 1945 FS.1689 (Methil - Southend) Southend, Jan 8, 1945
Southend, Jan 8, 1945 TAM.42 (Southend - Antwerp) Antwerp, Jan 9, 1945
Antwerp, Jan 23, 1945 ATM.44 (Antwerp - Southend) Southend, Jan 24, 1945
Southend, Jan 26, 1945 FN.1614 (Southend - Methil) Sunderland, Jan 27, 1945
Sunderland, Feb 16, 1945 FS.1730 (Methil - Southend) Southend, Feb 18, 1945
Southend, Feb 21, 1945 TAM.87 (Southend - Antwerp) Antwerp, Feb 23, 1945
Antwerp, Mar 8, 1945 ATM.86 (Antwerp - Southend) Southend, Mar 9, 1945
TAM.121 (Southend - Antwerp) Antwerp, Mar 28, 1945
Southend, Mar 28, 1945 TAM.121 (Southend - Antwerp)
Antwerp, Apr 4, 1945 ATM.114 (Antwerp - Southend) Southend, Apr 6, 1945
TAM.144 (Southend - Antwerp) Antwerp, Apr 20, 1945
Southend, Apr 20, 1945 TAM.144 (Southend - Antwerp)
Antwerp, Apr 26, 1945 ATM.136 (Antwerp - Southend) Southend, Apr 27, 1945
Antwerp, Apr 27, 1945 ATM.137 (Antwerp - Southend) Southend, Apr 28, 1945
Southend, May 11, 1945 TAM.165 (Southend - Antwerp) Antwerp, May 12, 1945
Antwerp, May 20, 1945 ATM.160 (Antwerp - Southend) Southend, May 21, 1945
London, Jun 28, 1945 Independent Ostend, Jun 29, 1945
Ostend, Jun 29, 1945 Independent Rotterdam, Jun 30, 1945
Rotterdam, Jul 10, 1945 Independent Cardiff, Jul 12, 1945
Cardiff, Jul 17, 1945 Independent New York, Jul 29, 1945
New York, Aug 22, 1945 Independent Port Said, Sep 11, 1945
Suez, Sep 12, 1945 Independent Bombay, Sep 23, 1945
Bombay, Oct 2, 1945 Independent Colombo, Oct 5, 1945
Colombo, Nov 3, 1945 Independent
Durban, Dec 4, 1945 Independent Tanga, Dec 13, 1945
Independent Zanzibar, Dec 20, 1945
Tanga, Dec 20, 1945 Independent Dar-es-salaam, Dec 21, 1945
Zanzibar, Dec 21, 1945 Independent

Service post WW2

In 1947 Ocean Vengeance was sold to Ropners Shipping Company Limited who changed her name to Ingleby - most of Ropners ships names ended in 'by'. Accounts of some of her voyages in 1953-4 appear in the recollections of Bill Ross who was undergoing an apprenticeship with the company - see the Benjidog Recollections site HERE (look for Ingleby).

In 1960 she was sold again to an Indian company called Chowgule Steamships who renamed her Maratha Enterprise. This company purchased three similar ships to transport iron ore for their parent company. They were later replaced with bulk carriers.

In 1966 she was sold again to Great Ocean Steamship Co. and renamed Welcome. I have no specific information about her use in this period.

She was broken up in 1969 at Kaohsiung.

Image Credits

  1. By courtesy of The Allen Collection (another Benjidog website)
  2. By courtesy of Bill Ross
  3. By courtesy of Shipspotting