Flag

Common Brothers

History

H. W. Squance of Sunderland had a steamer called Hindustan built for him in 1892. The following year he formed the Hindustan Steam Shipping Co Ltd to take ownership of the vessel and steadily built up the company until in he sold out to the Newcastle firm of Common Brothers1905 by which time it had 5 ships.

During WW1, all of the company’s ships were either lost or sold, but by 1921 the fleet was back up to 7 vessels.

Common Brothers continued to expand Hindustan during the inter-war period and also acquired Northumbrian Shipping Co Ltd and Home Line Ltd. There were 13 ships in the combined fleets at the outbreak of WW2 ,and the Ministry of War Transport (MOWT) placed 7 more ships under Common Brothers management during the war. War losses were severe, with 11 ships sunk by enemy action and a further 5 lost through maritime accidents.

In 1951 the company had 2 steamers and 6 motor ships. They were replaced by ore carriers during the 1950s, and by 1959 the fleet was down to 4 ships. At about this time Common Brothers acquired Hopemount Shipping Co Ltd from the Wallsend shipbuilders, Swan Hunter. This was a transaction financed by shares and it resulted in Swan Hunter becoming a 25% shareholder in Common Brothers.

In 1949 Common Brothers entered into negotiations that eventually led to the formation of The Lowland Tanker Co Ltd in 1951, with its shares divided between British Tanker Co Ltd (50%); Matheson & Co Ltd, Hong Kong (25%) and Common Bros Ltd (25%). Common Bros (Management) Ltd were appointed as managers of a fleet of new-built ocean-going oil products tankers. A total of 10 tankers of around 11,350 grt each were delivered between 1953 and 1956 all with names beginning with the word “Border”. A further 5 similar tankers, but with accommodation all aft were built between 1960 and 1962. Following a structural re-organisation within BP, management of the Lowland fleet was taken over by BP Company Ltd in 1976 and the two minority shareholders were bought out by BP in 1979.

In the early 1970s the Norwegian firm Norex bought Common Brothers from the Common family and Swan Hunter. The Norwegians entered into a number of enterprising but ultimately short-lived diversifications, including a Ro-Ro service in the Caribbean and Monarch Cruise Lines (bought by Holland America in 1976) and the company seems to have faded away, though the name resumed briefly in the late 1990s.

Ships

Afghanistan

Afghanistan

Basic Data

Item Value
Type Cargo Ship
Original Owners and Managers Adam SS Co Ltd
Country First Registered UK
Shipbuilder Sunderland Ship Building Company
Shipyard South Dock
Country where built UK
Yard Number 292
Official Number 139801
Call Sign IBIN
Classification Society Lloyd's Register
Gross Tonnage 4,372
Deadweight (DWT) 8850
Net Tonnage 2,692
Length 385 Ft
Overall Length 397 Ft
Breadth or Beam 53 Ft
Depth 32.4 Ft
Draught N/K
Engine Type Triple-expansion Steam Engine
Engine Details Cylinders of bore 25", 42", 69" and stroke 48"
Engine Builder N.E. Marine Eng Co Ltd
Engine Builder Works Sunderland
Engine Builder Country UK
Boiler Details N/K
Propulsion Type Single Screw
Power N/K
Maximum Speed 10

Additional Construction Information

Career Highlights

Date Event
8 May 1917 Launched
30 June 1917 Completed

Crew and Capacity Information

Item Value
Crew N/K
Passengers N/K
Cargo Capacity N/K

Status and Service History Information

Item Value
Status Broken Up
Service History Information Completed for Adam SS Co Ltd as Abereden. Change of owner to Hindustan Steam Sg Co Ltd 1918, change of name to Afghanistan 1919, change of name to Lucrino and owner to Achille Lauro 1938. Taken under allied control in August 1943. She struck a mine on 29 August 1944 and was beached at Cagliari whilst en route from Bizerta to San Antioco. On 26 June 1946 she was refloated and rebuilt as a motor ship and returned to owners. Taken to Fiumicino November 1960 for breaking by Intersider.

Border Laird

Border Laird

Basic Data

Item Value
Type Tanker
Original Owners and Managers The Lowland Tanker Co Ltd
Country First Registered UK
Shipbuilder Fairfield Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. Ltd.
Shipyard Govan
Country where built UK
Yard Number 1111
Official Number 186848
Call Sign N/K
Classification Society Lloyd's Register
Gross Tonnage 11,366
Deadweight (DWT) 16200
Net Tonnage 6,289
Length 515 Ft
Overall Length 547 Ft
Breadth or Beam 69.8 Ft
Depth 37.5 Ft
Draught 30 Ft 1/2"
Engine Type Diesel Engine
Engine Details 2SCSA Doxford type with 6 cylinders of bore 26.4" and stroke 91.5"
Engine Builder Fairfield Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. Ltd.
Engine Builder Works Govan
Engine Builder Country UK
Boiler Details N/K
Propulsion Type Single Screw
Power 6,250 HP
Maximum Speed 13.5

Additional Construction Information

Career Highlights

Date Event
1 July 1955 Launched
17 November 1955 Completed

Crew and Capacity Information

Item Value
Crew N/K
Passengers N/K
Cargo Capacity 133,000 barrels

Status and Service History Information

Item Value
Status Broken Up
Service History Information Taken to Kaohsiung July 1972 for breaking by Yung Tai Steel & Iron Works - work began September 1972

Border Reiver

Border Reiver

Basic Data

Item Value
Type Tanker
Original Owners and Managers Lowland Tanker Co. Ltd.
Country First Registered UK
Shipbuilder Sir James Laing & Sons Ltd.
Shipyard Deptford, Sunderland
Country where built UK
Yard Number 805
Official Number 186846
Call Sign N/K
Classification Society Lloyd's Register
Gross Tonnage 11,356
Deadweight (DWT) 16182
Net Tonnage 6,331
Length 525.5 Ft
Overall Length 547 Ft
Breadth or Beam 69.8 Ft
Depth 37.5 Ft
Draught 30 Ft
Engine Type Diesel Engine
Engine Details Doxford type 2SCSA with 6 cylinders of bore 26 3/8" and stroke 91 5/16"
Engine Builder William Doxford & Sons Ltd
Engine Builder Works Sunderland
Engine Builder Country UK
Boiler Details N/K
Propulsion Type Single Screw
Power 6,250 hp
Maximum Speed 13.5

Additional Construction Information

Career Highlights

Date Event
20 May 1955 Launched
30 October 1955 Completed

Crew and Capacity Information

Item Value
Crew N/K
Passengers N/K
Cargo Capacity 133,000 barrels

Status and Service History Information

Item Value
Status Broken Up
Service History Information Change of name to Nicea and owner to Nicea Sg Corp 1972. Taken to San Esteban de Pravia 20 April 1976 for breaking by Desguaces Aviles

Border Sentinel

Border Sentinel

Basic Data

Item Value
Type Tanker
Original Owners and Managers Lowland Tanker Co. Ltd.
Country First Registered UK
Shipbuilder Swan, Hunter & W.Richardson
Shipyard Newcastle
Country where built UK
Yard Number 1904
Official Number 186849
Call Sign N/K
Classification Society Lloyd's Register
Gross Tonnage 11,355
Deadweight (DWT) 15968
Net Tonnage 6,334
Length 515 Ft
Overall Length 547 Ft
Breadth or Beam 698 Ft 10"
Depth 37 Ft 6"
Draught 30 Ft
Engine Type Diesel Engine
Engine Details Doxford type 2SCSA with 6 cylinders of bore 26 3/8" and stroke 91 5/16"
Engine Builder Swan, Hunter & W.Richardson
Engine Builder Works Newcastle
Engine Builder Country UK
Boiler Details N/K
Propulsion Type Single Screw
Power 6,250 hp
Maximum Speed 13.5

Additional Construction Information

Career Highlights

Date Event
19 July 1955 Launched
4 November 1955 Completed

Crew and Capacity Information

Item Value
Crew N/K
Passengers N/K
Cargo Capacity 133,000 barrels

Status and Service History Information

Item Value
Status Broken Up
Service History Information Change of name to Nettuno and owner to Nettuno Sg Corp 1970. Beached at Gadani Beach for breaking 4 February 1976

Border Shepherd

Border Shepherd

Basic Data

Item Value
Type Tanker
Original Owners and Managers The Lowland Tanker Co Ltd
Country First Registered UK
Shipbuilder Lithgows Ltd
Shipyard Port Glasgow
Country where built UK
Yard Number 1130
Official Number 186906
Call Sign N/K
Classification Society Lloyd's Register
Gross Tonnage 13,339
Deadweight (DWT) 20.914
Net Tonnage 7,679
Length 540 Ft
Overall Length 572 Ft
Breadth or Beam 73 Ft
Depth 31 Ft 7"
Draught 30 Ft
Engine Type Diesel Engine
Engine Details 2SCSA B & W type oil engine with 6 cylinders of bore 750mm and stroke 1,500mm
Engine Builder J. G. Kincaid & Co. Ltd.
Engine Builder Works Greenock
Engine Builder Country UK
Boiler Details N/K
Propulsion Type Single Screw
Power 8,800 bhp
Maximum Speed 15.5

Additional Construction Information

Career Highlights

Date Event
31 March 1960 Launched
28 July 1960 Completed

Crew and Capacity Information

Item Value
Crew N/K
Passengers N/K
Cargo Capacity 168,000 barrels

Status and Service History Information

Item Value
Status Broken Up
Service History Information Change of owner to BP Sg Ltd 1979, change of name to Mariverda IV and owner to Almizar Sg Co SA 1981, change of name to Al Nabila II and owner to Pyramid Nav Co 1983. Taken to Alang 26 May 1993 for breaking by Softouch Cosmetics.

Daghestan

Daghestan

Basic Data

Item Value
Type Ore Carrier
Original Owners and Managers Hindustan Steam Sg Co Ltd
Country First Registered UK
Shipbuilder Harland & Wolff
Shipyard Govan
Country where built UK
Yard Number 1642g
Official Number 186909
Call Sign N/K
Classification Society Lloyd's Register
Gross Tonnage 11,204
Deadweight (DWT) 15879
Net Tonnage 5,666
Length 525.1 Ft
Overall Length N/K
Breadth or Beam 69 Ft
Depth 28.9 Ft
Draught N/K
Engine Type Diesel Engine
Engine Details B & W type 2SCSA oil engine with cylinders of bore 620mm and stroke 1,400mm
Engine Builder Harland & Wolff
Engine Builder Works Govan
Engine Builder Country UK
Boiler Details N/K
Propulsion Type Single Screw
Power 4,500 bhp
Maximum Speed 12

Additional Construction Information

Career Highlights

Date Event
25 May 1960 Launched
1 November 1960 Completed

Crew and Capacity Information

Item Value
Crew N/K
Passengers N/K
Cargo Capacity N/K

Status and Service History Information

Item Value
Status Broken Up
Service History Information Change of owner to North Sg Co Ltd 1964, change of owner to Hindustan Steam Sg Co Ltd 1964, change of owner to Burnside Sg Co Ltd 1970, change of owner to Common Bros Ltd 1973, change of name to Lovinda and owner to Sealand Carriers Corp 1976, change of name to Mercury and owner to Mergui Sg Pte Ltd 1981. Engine room fire on 11 June 1982 at position 35° 00" N 28° 50" E whilst en route from Varna to Manila with a cargo of steel. Declared a constructive total loss 21 June 1982 after being towed to Piraeus. Taken to Aliaga 29 March 1987 for breaking by Gursoy GS.

Iron Crown

Iron Crown

Basic Data

Item Value
Type Bulk Carrier/Ore Carrier
Original Owners and Managers Vallum Sg Co Ltd
Country First Registered UK
Shipbuilder Scotts' Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. Ltd.
Shipyard Greenock
Country where built UK
Yard Number 683
Official Number 186912
Call Sign N/K
Classification Society Lloyd's Register
Gross Tonnage 11,128
Deadweight (DWT) 15912
Net Tonnage 4,512
Length 518 Ft
Overall Length N/K
Breadth or Beam 69.1 Ft
Depth 28.9 Ft
Draught N/K
Engine Type Diesel Engine
Engine Details Doxford type oil engine with 4 cylinders of bore 670mm and stroke 2,320mm
Engine Builder Scotts' Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. Ltd.
Engine Builder Works Greenock
Engine Builder Country UK
Boiler Details N/K
Propulsion Type Single Screw
Power 4,400 bhp
Maximum Speed 11.5

Career Highlights

Date Event
21 November 1960 Launched
19 January 1961 Completed

Crew and Capacity Information

Item Value
Crew N/K
Passengers N/K
Cargo Capacity N/K

Status and Service History Information

Item Value
Status Broken Up
Service History Information Completed for Vallum Sg Co Ltd. Change of name to Scottish Wasa and owner to Whitwill, Cole & Co Ltd 1971, change of owner to Spanocean Line Ltd 1975, change of name to Jeannie and owner to Thomson Sg Co Ltd 1977, change of name to Amesa Dyo and owner to Amesa International Sg & Finance Ltd 1985. Taken to Gadani Beach 30 April 1986 for breaking by Murtazvi Enterprises.

Kurdistan

Kurdistan

Basic Data

Item Value
Type Tanker
Original Owners and Managers Hindustan Steam Sg Co Ltd
Country First Registered UK
Shipbuilder Harland & Wolff
Shipyard Belfast
Country where built UK
Yard Number 1408
Official Number 169222
Call Sign N/K
Classification Society Lloyd's Register
Gross Tonnage 8,322
Deadweight (DWT) 12282
Net Tonnage N/K
Length 140.5 Metres
Overall Length N/K
Breadth or Beam 148.6 Metres
Depth 18.1 Metres
Draught N/K
Engine Type Diesel Engine
Engine Details SA oil engine
Engine Builder Harland & Wolff
Engine Builder Works Belfast
Engine Builder Country UK
Boiler Details N/K
Propulsion Type Single Screw
Power N/K
Maximum Speed 11.5

Career Highlights

Date Event
26 October 1949 Launched
24 February 1950 Completed

Crew and Capacity Information

Item Value
Crew N/K
Passengers N/K
Cargo Capacity N/K

Status and Service History Information

Item Value
Status Broken Up
Service History Information She was launched by Miss Alison Common. Change of name to Arda and owner to Nav Maritime Bulgare 1961, change of owner to Bulgarski Tanker Flot 1967. Taken to Split September 1977 for breaking by Brodospas.

Lariston

Lariston

Basic Data

Item Value
Type Tanker
Original Owners and Managers Hindustan Steam Sg Co Ltd
Country First Registered UK
Shipbuilder Short Brothers Ltd.
Shipyard Pallion, Sunderland
Country where built UK
Yard Number 425
Official Number 149446
Call Sign GFMK
Classification Society Lloyd's Register
Gross Tonnage 6,417
Deadweight (DWT) 9920
Net Tonnage N/K
Length 420 Ft
Overall Length N/K
Breadth or Beam 55 Ft
Depth 34.75 Ft
Draught 27.6 Ft
Engine Type Triple-expansion Steam Engine
Engine Details Cylinders of bore 26", 44", 742 and stroke 48"
Engine Builder J. Dickinson & Sons Ltd
Engine Builder Works Sunderland
Engine Builder Country UK
Boiler Details 3 single-endee boilers operating at 200 psi
Propulsion Type Single Screw
Power 565 MN
Maximum Speed 10.5

Additional Construction Information

Career Highlights

Date Event
1 September 1927 Launched
10 November 1927 Completed

Crew and Capacity Information

Item Value
Crew N/K
Passengers N/K
Cargo Capacity N/K

Status and Service History Information

Item Value
Status Broken Up
Service History Information Change of name to Empire Gulf and owner to British Government 1943, change of name to Laristan and owner to Home Line Ltd 1946, change of name to Cherrywood and owner to John I.Jacobs & Co Ltd 1949, change of name to Irene M and owner to Nolido Cia de Nav SA 1953, change of name to Semira and owner to Muzaffer Emin Zorlu 1954. Taken to Kalafatyeri for breaking in Q4 1960.

Pukkastan

Pukkastan

Basic Data

Item Value
Type Cargo Ship
Original Owners and Managers Hindustan Steam Sg Co Ltd
Country First Registered UK
Shipbuilder Short Brothers Ltd.
Shipyard Pallion, Sunderland
Country where built UK
Yard Number 438
Official Number 161540
Call Sign GKBL
Classification Society Lloyd's Register
Gross Tonnage 5,809
Deadweight (DWT) 10650
Net Tonnage 3,503
Length 440.5 Ft
Overall Length 455.2 Ft
Breadth or Beam 57.5 Ft
Depth 27.4 Ft
Draught N/K
Engine Type Triple-expansion Steam Engine
Engine Details Cylinders of bore 25", 42 3/4", 72 1/2" and stroke 48"
Engine Builder J. Dickinson & Sons Ltd
Engine Builder Works Sunderland
Engine Builder Country UK
Boiler Details 2 single-ended boilers operating at 220 psi
Propulsion Type Single Screw
Power N/K
Maximum Speed N/K

Additional Construction Information

Career Highlights

Date Event
4 Saptember 1929 Launched
18 October 1929 Completed

Crew and Capacity Information

Item Value
Crew 35 at time of loss
Passengers N/K
Cargo Capacity N/K

Status and Service History Information

Item Value
Status Sunk/foundered (Act of War)
Service History Information Pukkastan was stopped by German submarine U-34 which fired two shots across her bow on 7 September 1939 at position 49° 23'N, 7° 49' W (near Bishop Rock). The crew abandoned ship and the vessel was sunk by a torpedo. She had been en route from Cape Town to Rotterdam with a cargo of maize. The crew were picked up by Bilderdijk.

Waziristan

Waziristan

Basic Data

Item Value
Type Cargo Ship
Original Owners and Managers Hindustan SS Co Ltd
Country First Registered UK
Shipbuilder Short Brothers Ltd.
Shipyard Pallion, Sunderland
Country where built UK
Yard Number 414
Official Number 148048
Call Sign GCZV
Classification Society Lloyd's Register
Gross Tonnage 5,135
Deadweight (DWT) 8870
Net Tonnage 3,191
Length 380 Ft
Overall Length N/K
Breadth or Beam 53.5 Ft
Depth N/K
Draught 25.65 Ft
Engine Type Triple-expansion Steam Engine
Engine Details Cylinders of boare 35", 41", 68" and stroke 48!
Engine Builder J. Dickinson & Sons Ltd
Engine Builder Works Sunderland
Engine Builder Country UK
Boiler Details 2 single-ended boilers operating at 180 psi
Propulsion Type Single Screw
Power 363 NHP
Maximum Speed 10

Additional Construction Information

Career Highlights

Date Event
21 December 1923 Launched
January 1924 Completed

Crew and Capacity Information

Item Value
Crew 47 at time of loss
Passengers N/K
Cargo Capacity N/K

Status and Service History Information

Item Value
Status Sunk/foundered (Act of War)
Service History Information The ship was attacked by German submarine U-134 on 2 January 1942 at position 74° 09'N, 19° 10'E whilst en route from New York to Murmansk with a general cargo. After being stuck by a single torpedo the ship broke in half. The crew were seen to escape in lifeboats but were not seen again. This was the first British ship to load military supplies in the USA bound for Russia and had been carrying 3,700 tons of military supplies including 1,000 tons of copper and 410 Ford trucks. There were no survivors. Details of those lost can be found on the Benjidog Tower Hill website HERE.