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Harrison Line

History

T & J Harrison Ltd. started in Liverpool in 1853 when the Harrison brothers who had previously been partners in the firm of George Brown and Harrison, took over the company when George Brown died. The company’s original trade was importing brandy and wine from Tonnay-Charente, the loading port for the town of Cognac in France. The trade was carried in a variety of sailing ships owned by individual members of the Harrison family through the 64ths system.

In 1860 the business received a major boost as a result of a treaty between Britain and France reducing customs duties on French spirits and wine plus the abolition of duties on British Coal. This encouraged the Harrisons to buy their first two steamships. In the same year they also began to buy much larger sailing ships for services to India and the Caribbean. These were gradually replaced by steamships, especially after the opening of the Suez Canal at the end of 1869 but the last sailing ship was not sold until 1889. Harrisons set up the Charente Steam Ship Co in 1871 and transformed it into limited liability company in 1884 when 24 ships were transferred from the old 64ths system. took over John T. Rennie, Sons & Co Aberdeen Direct Line in 1911. This brought them a fleet of seven ships and passenger services to Natal. Further acquisitions were the Rankin, Gilmour fleet (1918), the Crown Line fleet of Prentice, Service & Henderson, Glasgow (1920) and Scrutton, Sons & Co, London (1920).

Harrisons lost 27 ships to enemy action in WW1 and a further 30 in WW2.

By 1988 with the decline in British shipping, the company only owned three ships and chartered several more, but have subsequently withdrawn from shipowning.

The flag shown on this page is that of the Harrisons Commodore. The usual flag is without the red swallowtails - i.e. a red Maltese Cross on a rectangular white background.

Ships

Vessel Name Vessel Type Launched/Completed Tonnage DWT Builder
Actor No Info 16/08/1917. Gross: 5548 Net: 3467 8455 D & W Henderson & Co Ltd. Glasgow
Administrator No Info July 1958. Yard No: 826 Gross: 8714 Net: 4725 11455 Wm. Doxford & Sons. Ltd. Sunderland
Adventurer No Info 21/04/1959. Yard No: 834 Wm. Doxford & Sons. Ltd. Sunderland
Adviser Cargo / Passenger April 1939. Gross: 6348 Net: 3886 9000 Lithgows Ltd. Port Glasgow
Arbitrator Cargo Oct 1951. Yard No: 791 Gross: 8150 Net: 4406 9940 Wm. Doxford & Sons. Ltd. Sunderland
Architect No Info 12/11/1912. Gross: 5421 Net: 3415 8455 Charles Connell & Co. Ltd Glasgow
Artisan No Info Oct 1941. Yard No: 468 Gross: 7037 Net: 4947 10380 Short Bros Ltd. Sunderland
Astronomer Cargo / Passenger 21/04/1917. Gross: 8401 Net: 5341 1200 D & W Henderson & Co Ltd. Glasgow
Astronomer No Info 25/10/1950. Yard No: 785 Gross: 8150 Net: 4406 9940 Wm. Doxford & Sons. Ltd. Sunderland
Atlantian No Info 1928?
Auditor No Info 17/04/1924. Gross: 5444 Net: 3427 8340 John Brown & Co. Ltd. Clydebank
Author No Info 1914?
Author No Info 04/06/1958. Yard No: 827 Gross: 8715 Net: 4729 11455 Wm. Doxford & Sons. Ltd. Sunderland
Barrister No Info 01/06/1954. Yard No: 802 Gross: 8366 Net: 4434 9607 Wm. Doxford & Sons. Ltd. Sunderland
Benefactor No Info 22/04/1912. Gross: 5511 Net: 3492 D & W Henderson & Co Ltd. Glasgow
Biographer No Info Aug 1949. Yard No: 1029 Gross: 6922 Net: 4073 9850 Lithgows Ltd. Port Glasgow
Candidate No Info 1907 Gross: 4843 Net: 3147 A. Stephens & Sons. Ltd. Glasgow.
Chancellor No Info Oct 1916. Gross: 4607 Net: 2942 7400 Russell & Co. Port Glasgow
Cognac No Info Aug 1902. Gross: 814 Net: 422 1200 Charles Connell & Co. Ltd Glasgow
Collegian No Info 1912?
Collegian No Info 1923?
Colonial No Info 15/12/1925. Gross: 5108 Net: 3129 8050 D & W Henderson & Co Ltd. Glasgow
Colonial No Info 1943?
Comedian No Info 20/08/1929.
Commodore No Info Oct 1902. Gross: 2739 Net: 1762 4270 Barclay, Curle & Co. Ltd. Glasgow
Contractor No Info July 1930. Gross: 6003 Net: 3755 9750 Cammell, Laird & Co. Ltd. Birkenhead
Counsellor No Info 1926?
Craftsman No Info Jan 1911. Gross: 5815 Net: 3644 9900 Russell & Co. Port Glasgow
Craftsman No Info 1922. Yard No: 17 Gross: 7896 Net: 4939 11335 Furness S.B. Co. Ltd. Haverton Hill - on - Tees
Craftsman No Info Sept 1947. Yard No: 1020 Gross: 6725 Net: 4000 9160 Lithgows Ltd. Port Glasgow
Crofter No Info 16/08/1951. Yard No: 568 Gross: 8377 Net: 4632 10520 J. Readhead & Sons Ltd. South Shields
Custodian No Info 31/05/1928. Gross: 5881 Net: 3698 9200 Charles Connell & Co. Ltd Glasgow
Custodian Cargo 261,819 G. 05/10/1960. Gross: 8847 Net: 4849 10920 Wm. Doxford & Sons. Ltd. Sunderland
Dalesman No Info 1940?
Dalesman No Info 1961?
Defender Cargo / Passenger 19/03/1915. Gross: 8258 Net: 5280 11960 Charles Connell & Co. Ltd Glasgow
Defender No Info 23/06/1955. Yard No: 809 Gross: 8367 Net: 4432 9570 Wm. Doxford & Sons. Ltd. Sunderland
Designer Cargo 03/07/1928. Gross: 5945 Net: 3720 9150 D & W Henderson & Co Ltd. Glasgow
Diplomat Cargo / Passenger Sept 1921. Gross: 8240 Net: 5255 11960 Charles Connell & Co. Ltd Glasgow
Diplomat No Info 09/07/1952. Yard No: 794 Gross: 8202 Net: 4412 9770 Wm. Doxford & Sons. Ltd. Sunderland
Dictator No Info Jan 1912. Gross: 4940 Net: 3149 7600 Russell & Co. Port Glasgow
Director No Info 02/12/1926. Gross: 5107 Net: 3100 8210 D & W Henderson & Co Ltd. Glasgow
Discoverer No Info 19/10/1913. Gross: 5413 Net: 3415 8455 Charles Connell & Co. Ltd Glasgow
Discoverer No Info 1964?
Dramatist No Info Dec 1920. Gross: 5443 Net: 3423 8340 Charles Connell & Co. Ltd Glasgow
Electrician No Info 1913? Gross: 4572 Net: 2884 7600 Russell & Co. Port Glasgow
Explorer No Info 05/09/1910. Gross: 7608 Net: 4817 11290 Charles Connell & Co. Ltd Glasgow
Explorer No Info 1935?
Explorer No Info 22/10/1960. Gross: 7200 Net: 3754 8850 Nederlandsche Scheips Maots, Amsterdam
Factor No Info 16/10/1947. Yard No: 456 Gross: 6533 Net: 3862 9230 Charles Connell & Co. Ltd Glasgow
Forester Cargo / Passenger May 1952. Yard No: 569 Gross: 8377 Net: 4632 10520 J. Readhead & Sons Ltd. South Shields
Geologist No Info 09/10/1943. Yard No: 989 Gross: 6155 Net: 3620 9000 Lithgows Ltd. Port Glasgow
Gladiator No Info April 1914. Gross: 5052 Net: 3189 8754 Wm. Hamilton & Co. Ltd. Glasgow
Governor No Info 09/05/1918. Gross: 5571 Net: 3495 8060 D & W Henderson & Co Ltd. Glasgow
Governor No Info 08/05/1952. Yard No: 793 Gross: 8202 Net: 4389 9770 Wm. Doxford & Sons. Ltd. Sunderland
Herdsman Cargo / Passenger Jan 1947. Yard No: 739 Gross: 6822 Net: 4016 9270 Wm. Doxford & Sons. Ltd. Sunderland
Historian No Info 15/10/1924. Gross: 5074 Net: 3156 8340 Charles Connell & Co. Ltd Glasgow
Historian Cargo 562,608 G. Oct 1943. Yard No: 2223 Gross: 7262 Net: 4276 10521 Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyards Inc. Baltimore
Historian Cargo 601,906 G. 08/11/1968. Gross: 8454 Net: 4710 11100 Wm. Doxford & Sons. Ltd. Sunderland
Huntsman No Info 1921?
Inanda Passenger 1925 Gross: 5985 Net: 3700 6900 Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd. Newcastle
Ingoma No Info 1913?
Interpreter No Info 14/11/1947. Yard No: 747 Gross: 6815 Net: 4027 9270 Wm. Doxford & Sons. Ltd. Sunderland
Intombi Cargo / Passenger 30/05/1912. Gross: 3884 Net: 2504 6440 D & W Henderson & Co Ltd. Glasgow
Inventor No Info 04/08/1904. Gross: 7679 Net: 4917 10825 D & W Henderson & Co Ltd. Glasgow
Inventor No Info 03/07/1935. Gross: 6210 Net: 3840 9294 D & W Henderson & Co Ltd. Glasgow
Inventor No Info 31/08/1963. Gross: 8850 Net: 4833 10954 Charles Connell & Co. Ltd Glasgow
Journalist No Info 20/01/1954. Yard No: 801 Gross: 8366 Net: 4434 9670 Wm. Doxford & Sons. Ltd. Sunderland
Logician No Info 1928?
Linguist No Info Dec 1947. Yard No: 1021 Gross: 6736 Net: 3993 9160 Lithgows Ltd. Port Glasgow
Linguist Cargo 412,490 G. 22/06/1966. Gross: 6488 Net: 3298 7925 A/B Lindholmens Varv, Gothenburg
Magician No Info 05/05/1925. Gross: 5105 Net: 3186 8340 New Waterway SB. Co. Schiedam
Magician Cargo 601,960 G. 05/10/1968. Gross: 8454 Net: 4710 11100 Wm. Doxford & Sons. Ltd. Sunderland
Merchant No Info 18/03/1943. Yard No: 983 Gross: 7045 Net: 4745 9900 Lithgows Ltd. Port Glasgow
Merchant Cargo 848,077 G. 25/08/1964. Gross: 5349 Net: 2618 7662 Cammell, Laird & Co. Ltd. Birkenhead
Naturalist No Info 1943?
Navigator No Info 1914?
Novelist No Info 1940?
Novelist No Info 1965?
Observer No Info 24/01/1928. Gross: 5881 Net: 3695 9150 Charles Connell & Co. Ltd Glasgow
Orator No Info Oct 1912. Gross: 4622 Net: 2947 7600 A. McMillan & Son Ltd. Dumbarton
Patrician No Info 1914 Gross: 5742 Net: 3636 9350 Russell & Co. Port Glasgow
Philosopher No Info 1942?
Philosopher No Info 18/03/1964. Gross: 6165 Net: 3300 7725 A/B Lindholmens Varv, Gothenburg
Plainsman No Info 21/05/1959. Yard No: 835 Gross:8732 Net: 4727 11455 Wm. Doxford & Sons. Ltd. Sunderland
Planter No Info
Planter No Info 1943?
Politician Cargo / Passenger 590,000 G. 1923 Gross: 7939 Net: 4900 11200 Furness, Withy & Co. Ltd. West Hartlepool
Prospector Cargo 1944. Yard No: 988 Gross: 6165 Net: 3625 9000 Lithgows Ltd. Port Glasgow
Rancher No Info 1927?
Recorder No Info 29/07/1930. Gross: 5982 Net: 3732 9150 Cammell, Laird & Co. Ltd. Birkenhead
Saint Bede Cargo 385,291 G. 04/06/1919. Yard No: 723 Gross: 4699 Net: 2953 7729 Lithgows Ltd. Port Glasgow
Scholar No Info 01/03/1922. Gross: 3904 Net: 2473 6165 Charles Connell & Co. Ltd Glasgow
Scholar Cargo 562,608 G. May 1944. Yard No: 3022 Gross: 7274 Net: 4247 10494 New England Shipbuilding Corp. Maine
Scholar Cargo 878,077 R. Dec 1964. Gross: 5837 Net: 2844 Cammell, Laird & Co. Ltd. Birkenhead
Scientist No Info 30/05/1938. Gross: 6199 Net: 3794 8820 Lithgows Ltd. Port Glasgow
Sculptor No Info 1944?
Selector No Info
Senator No Info 1917?
Senator Cargo 562,608 G. Aug 1943. Yard No: 723 Gross: 7259 Net: 4271 10439 Oregon S.B. Corp. Portland
Settler No Info 02/05/1939. Gross: 6225 Net: 3757 Charles Connell & Co. Ltd Glasgow
Speaker No Info
Specialist No Info 1917?
Specialist Cargo 562,608 G. Oct 1942. Yard No: 2249 Gross: 7263 Net: 4268 10547 Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyards Inc. Baltimore
Specialist Cargo 31/10/1975. Gross: 35716 Net: 25385 60922 Burmeister & Wain Skibs A/S. Copenhagen
Spectator No Info June 1911. Gross: 4574 Net: 2860 7600 A. McMillan & Son Ltd. Dumbarton
Statesman No Info 1914?
Statesman No Info 1923?
Statesman Cargo 562,608 G. March 1944.Yard No: 2328 Gross: 7254 Net: 4316 10568 Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyards Inc. Baltimore
Statesman No Info 1964?
Strategist No Info 1937?
Strategist No Info 1975?
Student No Info March 1910. Gross: 3579 Net: 2322 Charles Connell & Co. Ltd Glasgow
Student No Info 1944?
Successor No Info April 1944. Gross: 7237 Net: 4293 10568 Oregon S.B. Corp. Portland
Tactician Cargo 450,000 G. 22/05/1928. Gross: 5996 Net: 3754 9150 Cammell, Laird & Co. Ltd. Birkenhead
Tactician Cargo 261,819 G. 16/02/1962. Gross: 8844 Net: 4844 10900 Wm. Doxford & Sons. Ltd. Sunderland
Trader Cargo 18/10/1940. Gross: 6089 Net: 3587 9050 Charles Connell & Co. Ltd Glasgow
Trader No Info 1966?
Traveller No Info 14/12/1921. Gross: 3963 Net: 2499 6185 Charles Connell & Co. Ltd Glasgow
Tribesman No Info 1937?
Tribesman Cargo 502,020 G. Dec 1944. Yard No: 5 Gross: 7083 Net: 4861 10320 Shipbuilding (wear branch) Corp. Ltd. Sunderland
Wanderer Cargo 541,000 G. 11/12/1924. Gross: 5443 Net: 3423 8340 Charles Connell & Co. Ltd Glasgow
Wanderer No Info
Warrior No Info
Wayfarer No Info 1925?
Wayfarer No Info 09/01/1951. Yard No: 786 Gross: 8150 Net: 4407 9940 Wm. Doxford & Sons. Ltd. Sunderland
Wayfarer Cargo 1,097,000 G. 13/01/1973. Yard No: 319 Gross: 16317 Net: 10437 27135 Nippon Kokan Shimizu