Contributors and Sources

Ship Histories


The content of this website has been greatly enhanced by the contributions of the people listed below.

Name Contribution
Ray Buck Information on Eagle Oil crew lists
Mac Gregory Permission to reproduce an extract from an account of survivors of the loss of Tuscan Star and their meeting with those from Viking Star.
Govan High School Permission to reproduce correspondence from crew of San Emiliano under the British Ships Adoption scheme
Tom McCluskie Additional data about San Emiliano from Harland & Wolff
Paul McDougall Additional information and photos for British Merit
Billy McGee Copy of documents relating to Neritina
Stan Mayes Information about San Emiliano, Viking Star, Winha, Cape Howe, Largs Bay, Neritina, Dollabella, Lucellum, Empire Unity, Duke of York, Fort Gloucester, Conakrian and British Merit.
Ian Stockbridge Survivor reports and other information related to the sinking of San Emiliano
Angela Waters Permission to use Information from her family history and Ex-Archduke Leopold plus photographs related to Oruba
Sidney Patterson Images used on the page for King Edward


The following references have been used in the construction of this website and are referenced here from the various ship history pages. Links to websites are highlighted.

Ref. # Source
1 Miramar Ship Index: Subscription website containing basic information about a very large number of merchant navy ships with search facilities based on ships name and official number.
2 This was a website dedicated to WW2 U boats and their exploits including ships damaged and sunk but unfortunately no longer available.
3 Website dedicated to WW2 U boats and their exploits including ships damaged and sunk. It also includes a section about U boats from WW1.
4 Convoyweb Convoy Database: An extensive and highly recommended Website that includes comprehensive information about WW2 convoys and other voyages of merchant ships and some information about ships that were lost.
5 Lloyds Register of Shipping: A definitive source of information about shipping in various editions.
6 Norwegian Website with much information about convoys and other matters related to WW2.
7 Arnold-Forster, Mark (2001): The World at War, Pimlico; Revised edition edition (4 Jan 2001)ISBN 0712667822
8 U.S. Navy Department: San Emiliano: Summary of Statements by Survivors, U.S. Navy Department document (exact reference not known - provided to the Webmaster as a photocopy)
9 Rigiani, John (1946): Affidavit, published in Sea Breezes July 1946 pages 77-82
10 Ashton-Irvine, Capt. E: Ships On Which I Have Served, The Scanner, v. 1, n. 8 (March 1969), Toronto Marine Historical Society
11 The Kirriemuir Herald Ducat, Alan: (11 June 2009): Forfar Man’s little known role in D-Day landings
12 Mariners Website: Mulberry Harbours Page (sadly no longer on line - but could return in which case I will update the link.
13 Winser, John de S. (May 1994): The D-Day Ships, World Ship Society Kendal, ISBN 978-0905617756
14 Warsailors Website:Information on Convoy ON 166
15 Sydney Morning Herald (30 June 1922): Largs Bay - Position Unchanged - Mr Walsh replies to the Prime Minister.
16 Hammerton, A.James & Thomson, Alistair, (2005): Ten pound Poms: Australia’s invisible migrants, Manchester University Press, ISBN 071907133X
17 Winstanley, Lt.Col.Peter: Captain Francis Joseph Cahill, Prisoners of War of the Japanese 1942-1945
18 Australian War Memorial Website: Article on 2/26th Battalion
19 Sowada, Helen:Article on Belongings - Migration Heritage Centre - New South Wales
20 AllExperts website Roker, Mr S.T., Response to question about Largs Bay
21 The Internet Movie Database: Article on the film "A night to remember".
22 The Times Correspondent Melbourne: Australian Ships Threatened - Sydney Union Obdurate: The Times: 9 March 1922
23 The Times Correspondent Melbourne: No crew for Largs Bay: The Times: 29 June 1922
24 The Times Correspondent Melbourne: Largs Bay to have a crew: The Times: 5 July 1922
25 The Times : Southampton and Australia - New Service Opened: The Times: 29 January 1929
26 Kennedy, Walter: Shipping in Dublin Port 1939 -1945: The Pentland Press, ISBN 1858215390
27 Rickards, Maurice & Twyman, Michael (2000); The encyclopaedia of Ephemera: a guide to the fragmentary documents of everyday life for the collector, curator, and historian, Routledge, ISBN 0415926483, 9780415926485
28 HMS Rodney Website
29 Supplement to the London Gazette, 14 August 1947 Captain J Hughes-Hallett RN (1942): The Dieppe Raid
30 Nizkor Project Website: Transcriptions of Nuremberg Trials 1946
31 Commonwealth War Graves Commission
32 J.N. Lockyer: Expedition to Santa Pola Spain, preliminary report: Total solar eclipse of 1900 May 28, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol 60, p 1.
33 Leopold Wölfling (1931): My Life Story: From Archduke to Grocer, E.P. Dutton & Co., Inc. New York
34 Ahoy - Mac’s Web Log: Naval, Maritime, Australian History and more:
35 Clifford Maw (1946): The War Illustrated “I was there!” 19 July 1946
36 Naval-History.Net
37 Hague, Arnold (2000): The Allied Convoy System 1939-1945 - It’s organisation, defence and operation: Naval Institute Press, Annapolis Maryland USA, ISBN 1-55750-019-3
38 HMSO (1947): British Vessels lost at sea 1939-45; reprinted by Patrick Stephens, Cambridge 1983 ISBN 0-85059 659 9.
39 Report of Court - Merchant Shipping Act 1894: S.S. "BANDAR SHAHPOUR"
40 Bismarck and Turpitz website: Entry for Hilfskreuzer Thor
41 The Second World War Experience Centre website: Page for Merchant Naval Seaman David Wilson
42 Donaghadee Historical Society: web page on the history of SS Donaghadee
43 Canada at War: Canadian website with details of Canadian casualties during various wars.
44 Website dedicated to naval history with a vast array of information about naval and marine corps casualties.
45 Picture Stockton: Online Photographic Collection website
46 The Allen Collection: Large collection of shipping photos - part of the Benjidog website
47 Middlemiss, Norman L. (1989): Travels of the Tramps - Twenty tramp fleets - Vol. 1: Shield Publications Ltd, Newcastle upon Tyne, ISBN 1-871128 02 1
48 National Fire Protection Association: Proceedings of the 52nd Annual Meeting, Washington D.C. May 10-13 1948.
49 Historical RFA Website: Page for RFA Gold Ranger.
50 Globe and Mail 15 January 2011: Obituary of Peter St.Louis.
51 Official History of New Zealand in the Second World War: Cody, J.F, (1961): War History Branch, Department of Internal Affairs, Wellington, New Zealand.
52 Website of a group of Greek divers - people who describe themselves as "interested in the sea, shipwrecks and maritime history. Our team consists of divers, historians, naval architects and others for which the sea and ships are both their profession and their passion." Contains information on their dives and wreck photos.
53 Auke Visser's Historical Tankers site: Website dedicated to Famous T Tankers.
54 Lucas, W.E.(1955): Eagle Fleet, The story of a tanker fleet in peace and war: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 7 Cork Street, London W1.
55 New Zealand Shipping web site: Company Website with various photos of historical NZ ships.
56 BBC - WW2 People's War: Link to article ID A2702350 by Charles Green.
57 USS LST 173: Website dedicated to a specific LST vessel which contains information relevant to all such vessels.
58 National Library Singapore: "Our Irish Letter" from page 3 of the 12 December 1927 edition
59 Country Life 26 May 1960: Article by Ernle Bradford entitled "A survivor of Edwardian steam yachts
60 Crew List Index Project: Website with various information about ships and their crews.
61 Kent History Forum: Bulletin Board dedicated to various aspects of Kent history.
62 Royal Tank Regiment Website: Transcription of a talk given to the Probus Club in Maidstone by Bill Thompson entitled 'From a boy to a man'
63 Historical Directories: Pigot's Directory of Kent 1824.
64 Historical Directories: Melville & Co's Directory of Kent 1858.
65 Historical Directories: Kelly's Directory of Kent, Surrey & Sussex, 1891.
66 Historical Directories: Kelly's Directory of Kent 1903.
67 Hastings Chronicle: Website dedicated to the history of Hastings and St.Leonards.
68 Clydebuilt Database: Website dedicated to ships built at shipyards on The Clyde.
69 Middlemiss, Norman L. (1989): Travels of the Tramps - Twenty tramp fleets - Vol. 1V: Shield Publications Ltd, Newcastle upon Tyne, ISBN 1-871128 02 1
70 1066 online: Online guide to Hastings and St Leonards
71 SeaTheShips: Online Shipping Forum
72 Clydebuilt Database: Website dedicated to ships built on the River Clyde
73 Portcities Southampton: BOT report on sinking of Tang Shing
74 Empress of Asia website: Website dedicated to Empress of Asia
75 Tower Hill Memorial Website: A Benjidog website about Tower Hill and its memorials.
76 Warren, Alan (2002): Britain's Greatest Defeat - Singapore 1942: Hambleton Continuum, London, ISBN 1-8528 5597 5
77 J. Gordon Mumford website: Page dedicated to convoy ONS 154
78 website: Subscription Legal research website which includes information about maritime legal cases
79 Heroes of Hull Website: The Heroes of Hull project researches and records the stories of the people of Hull, during times of war.
80 Hocking, Charles: Dictionary of Disasters at Sea During the Age of Steam 1824-1962, London: The London Stamp Exchange, 1989. ISBN 0 948130 72 5.
81 Rohwer, Jürgen: Die U-Boote der Achsenmächte 1939-1945, Munchen: J. F. Lehmann 1968.
82 Middlemiss, Norman L. (1989): Travels of the Tramps - Twenty tramp fleets - Vol. 2: Shield Publications Ltd, Newcastle upon Tyne, ISBN 1-871128 064.
83 Edwards, Bernard (2001): Beware Raiders! German Surface Raiders in the Second World War: Leo Cooper, 47 Church Street, Barnsley, South Yorkshire S70 2AS, ISBN 0-85052 803 8.
84 Brewis, Ron: Lest we forget: Article in St. Matthew's Church, Newbottle Parish Magazine Nov-Dec 2014.
85 Ahoy - Mac's Web Log: Page with information about Rohilla by Colin Brittain.
86 Brittain, Colin (2002): Into the Maelstrom : The Wreck of HMHS "Rohilla": Tempus Publishing, United Kingdom, ISBN 10: 0752423843 ISBN 13: 9780752423845
87 New Zealand Maritime Record: Page with information about Dominion Monarch - particularly her later voyages.
88 By courtesy of
89 By courtesy of the former website This excellent website closed in 2014 following the sad death of the website owner Fred Waddington. With the agreement of his widow Bobbie I have re-published as much of the material from the website as I can so that it is not lost.
90 By courtesy of Stan Mayes
91 Provenance unknown
92 By courtesy of Wikipedia/Wikipedia Commons
93 By courtesy of Malcolm Salter
94 By courtesy of Brian Watson
95 By courtesy of Hans Gerdawischeke
96 By courtesy of the Library of Contemporary History, Stuttgart.
97 By courtesy of The Times archive
98 By courtesy of Andrey Nelogov.
99 By courtesy of Paul Strathdee
100 By courtesy of Mick Cardiff
101 By courtesy of Donaldson Line
102 By courtesy of Chris Craggs
103 By courtesy of Paul McDougall
104 By courtesy of the City of Vancouver Archives
105 By courtesy of Scottish Built Ships
106 By courtesy of Phil and Judith Witten
107 By courtesy of George Robinson
108 By courtesy of Sea The Ships member Les Nhbarge
109 By courtesy of Ray Perry
110 By courtesy of Bill Ross
111 By courtesy of the Sydney Morning Herald
112 By courtesy of The Examiner
113 By courtesy of Shaw Savill Ltd
114 By courtesy of ShipStamps ShipStamps
115 By courtesy of the State Library of Victoria
116 By courtesy of The National Library of New Zealand
117 By courtesy of New Zealand Ship and Marine Society
118 By courtesy of Te Ara - 'The encyclopaedia of New Zealand'
119 By courtesy of Getty Images
120 By courtesy of Pinterest
121 By courtesy of Tyne and Wear Archives and Museums
122 By courtesy of Seattle Now and Then
123 By courtesy of Keith Nisbet
124 By courtesy of Peter Mork
125 By courtesy of The Sphere magazine
126 By courtesy of The Shields Daily News
127 By courtesy of The Birmingham Daily Gazette
128 By courtesy of The Aberdeen Evening Express
129 By courtesy of The Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer
130 By courtesy of The Yorkshire Evening Post
131 By courtesy of The Daily Herald
132 By courtesy of Life Magazine
133 By courtesy of The Coventry Evening Telegraph
134 By courtesy of David Stokes
135 By courtesy of Adelaide Archivist (Flickr Set) Source W2639 Harold John Watts Collection
136 By courtesy of Jim Parkes
137 By courtesy of Anne Jones
138 By courtesy of The BBC
139 By courtesy of The Sarasota Journal
140 By courtesy of Derek Ings
141 By courtesy of The Daily O
142 By courtesy of NewsOne website
143 By courtesy of The Mumbai Mirror
144 By courtesy of Ferdy Roberts
144 By courtesy of Rob van den Broek
146 By courtesy of The Times Comprehensive Atlas of the World
147 By courtesy of The West Australia Newspaper
148 By courtesy of Google Earth
149 By courtesy of Sidney Patterson
150 By courtesy of John Oxley
151 By courtesy of Sandra Nagel
152 By courtesy of
153 By courtesy of Malcolm Caine
154 By courtesy of Greenock Telegraph and Clyde Shipping Gazette
155 By courtesy of The Liverpool Echo
156 By courtesy of The Scotsman
157 By courtesy of Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News
158 By courtesy of Western Daily Press and Bristol Mirror
159 By courtesy of The Courier and Advertiser
160 By courtesy of Marlene Matthews
161 By courtesy of Shipspotting
162 By courtesy of Neil McDougall
163 By courtesy of The Vindicatrix Association
164 By courtesy of Elizabeth DeAmicis
165 By courtesy of Angela Waters
166 By courtesy of the New York Times archive
167 By courtesy of Ships Monthly
168 By courtesy of The Hobart Mercury
169 By courtesy of Furness Withy
170 By courtesy of The Melbourne Argos
171 By courtesy of The National Library of Scotland
172 By courtesy of Colin Brittain (Wikipedia Commons)
173 By courtesy of The RNLI
174 By courtesy of Popular Mechanics Magazine (January 1915)
175 By courtesy of The Daily Mirror
176 By courtesy of Mail Online 2 November 1914
177 By courtesy of Wartime Memories Project
178 By courtesy of Robin Cook: Whitby through Time
179 Adapted from World War 1 at Sea - Naval Operations, Vol 2 December 1914
180 By courtesy of D.P. Ings
181 By courtesy of David Mitchell
182 By courtesy of The London Gazette
183 By courtesy of The Glasgow Herald
184 By courtesy of The Glasgow Herald
185 By courtesy of Clive Ketley
186 By courtesy of Hartlepool History Now and Then Website
187 By courtesy of Billy McGee
187 By courtesy of Scottish Shipwrecks
188 By courtesy of Cliff McMullen
189 By courtesy of Popular Science magazine May 1918
190 By courtesy of Stuart Smith
191 By courtesy of Lewin of Greenwich Naval History and Forum
192 By courtesy of The Dover Historian
193 By courtesy of Facta Nautica - a Polish website
194 By courtesy of Historical RFA page for RFA Maine
195 By courtesy of The Royal Memorial Chapel Sandhurst Military College
196 By courtesy of Andrew Moore
197 Shipwreck of the Khyber
198 By courtesy of Heather Clare
199 By courtesy of Laura McGregor
200 By courtesy of Ann Truesdale
201 By courtesy of Hull Live
202 By courtesy of Rob Haywood
203 By courtesy of History Collection
204 By courtesy of Cool Antartica
205 By courtesy of Ross Thomson
206 By courtesy of The Northern Daily Mail
207 By courtesy of The Nauticapedia
208 By courtesy of Hartlepool History Now and Then
209 By courtesy of 'Tees Packet' - The Journal of the Teesside Branch of the World Ship Society
210 By courtesy of Illustrated magazine
211 By courtesy of Brooklyn Daily Eagle
212 Wilhelm Dege (2004): War North of 80: The last German Arctic Weather Station of World War II, University Press of Colorado, ISBN 10: 087081768X ISBN 13: 9780870817687
213 Nigel Sharp (2015): Troubled Waters: Leisure Boating and the Second World War, Amberley Publishing, ISBN 10: 1445651602 ISBN 13: 9781445651606
214 Dönitz Karl (1958): Memoirs - Ten Years and Twenty Days, Da Capo, ISBN 0-306-80764.5
215 By courtesy of Vivian Cribbes
216 By courtesy of Marconi Mariner May/June 1951
217 McCluskie, Tom; Sharpe, Michael; Marriott, Leo (1998): Titanic & Her Sisters Olympic & Brittanic, Parkgate Books, ISBN 1902616 10 3
218 By courtesy of Benjidog Website: To India and Back: Page on William Oliver Tyers
219 By courtesy of Dave Smith Collection /Mary Love Dec’dh
220 By courtesy of Hebrew Names website

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