France Fenwick Line

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History

The correct name for this company was France, Fenwick & Co. Ltd. The Fenwick and Stobart families had each been involved in the coal trade from Sunderland from the mid-nineteenth century when they merged their London interests in 1894 as Fenwick, Stobart & Co with 3 steamers and 1 sailing ship, plus a subsidiary W. France with 4 steamers. Whilst they were primarily engaged in the coal trade, they also ventured further afield, to the Baltic or to Canada for the St Lawrence coal trade and one ship was chartered for 6 months from New York to Australia.

Wm France, Fenwick & Company came into being on 10 July 1901 through the merger of three companies, William France, Fenwick, Stobart & Company and H. C. Pelly. On its formation the company was confined to the coal trade from the Northeast coast to London and it became one of the biggest collier owners in Britain. Ships names all ended in Wood.

In 1952 the company entered the deep-sea tramp trades with the completion of the 'Rushwood'.

As the coastal collier trade decreased, so the fleet diminished, and the last ships were sold in 1974.

Ships

Bearwood Bestwood Birdwood
Dartwood Dalewood Deerwood
Dashwood Granwood Monkwood
Pinewood Wrenwood

Bearwood

Bearwood
Click image for enlarged view

Basic Data

Item Value
Type Cargo Ship
Original Owners and Managers Wm France, Fenwick & Co Ltd
Country First Registered UK
Shipbuilder Austin & Pickersgill Ltd.
Shipyard Wear Dock Sunderland
Country where built UK
Yard Number 424
Official Number 186269
Call Sign N/K
Classification Society N/K
Gross Tonnage 3,395
Deadweight (DWT) 4638
Net Tonnage 1,702
Length 344 Ft
Overall Length N/K
Breadth or Beam 46 Ft 6"
Depth 22 Ft 5"
Draught 20 Ft
Engine Type Triple-expansion Steam Engine
Engine Details Cylinders of bore 19", 31" and 54" and stroke 39"
Engine Builder North Eastern Marine Engineering Co. Ltd.
Engine Builder Works Sunderland
Engine Builder Country UK
Boiler Details N/K
Propulsion Type Single Screw
Power 1450 IHP
Maximum Speed 10

Career Highlights

Date Event
21 April 1955 Launched
July 1955 Completed

Crew and Capacity Information

Item Value
Crew N/K
Passengers N/K
Cargo Capacity N/K

Status and Service History Information

Item Value
Status Broken Up
Service History Information Change of name to Giovanni Trento and owner to Spiridione Lucchi 1968, change of name to Ugo M. and owner to San Gaviono SpA di Nav 1977. Taken to Vado Lugure February 1983 for breaking by Riccardi Impresa Demolizioni

Bestwood

Bestwood
Click image for enlarged view

Basic Data

Item Value
Type Cargo Ship
Original Owners and Managers Coastwise Colliers Ltd
Country First Registered UK
Shipbuilder Samuel Peter Austin & Son
Shipyard Wear Dock Sunderland
Country where built UK
Yard Number 392
Official Number 181884
Call Sign N/K
Classification Society N/K
Gross Tonnage 2,915
Deadweight (DWT) N/K
Net Tonnage 1,590
Length 317 Ft 3"
Overall Length N/K
Breadth or Beam 44 Ft 5"
Depth 22 Ft 1"
Draught 19 Ft 9"
Engine Type Triple-expansion Steam Engine
Engine Details Cylinders of bore 18½”, 31”, 52” and stroke 39"
Engine Builder North Eastern Marine Engineering (1938) Ltd.
Engine Builder Works Sunderland
Engine Builder Country UK
Boiler Details N/K
Propulsion Type Single Screw
Power 256 NHP
Maximum Speed 9.5

Career Highlights

Date Event
11 December 1947 Launched
9 April 1948 Completed

Crew and Capacity Information

Item Value
Crew N/K
Passengers N/K
Cargo Capacity N/K

Status and Service History Information

Item Value
Status Broken Up
Service History Information Completed for Coastwise Colliers Ltd as Coleford. Change of name to Bestwood and owner to Wm France, Fenwick & Co Ltd 1949, change of name to Vitocha and owner to Nav Maritime Bulgare 1961. Taken to Spilt 17 May 1972 for breaking by Brodospas.

Birdwood

Birdwood
Click image for enlarged view

Basic Data

Item Value
Type Cargo Ship
Original Owners and Managers Wm France, Fenwick & Co Ltd
Country First Registered UK
Shipbuilder Samuel Peter Austin & Son
Shipyard Wear Dock Sunderland
Country where built UK
Yard Number 374
Official Number 180746
Call Sign N/K
Classification Society N/K
Gross Tonnage 2,862
Deadweight (DWT) 4250
Net Tonnage 1,595
Length 312 Ft
Overall Length N/K
Breadth or Beam 44 Ft 5"
Depth 22 Ft 1"
Draught N/K
Engine Type Triple-expansion Steam Engine
Engine Details Cylinders of bore 18 1/2", 29", 52" and stroke 39"
Engine Builder North Eastern Marine Engineering (1938) Ltd.
Engine Builder Works Sunderland
Engine Builder Country UK
Boiler Details N/K
Propulsion Type Single Screw
Power N/K
Maximum Speed 9.5

Additional Construction Information

  • Cruiser stern
  • Machinery aft
  • Fitted with radio direction finding and echo sounding equipment

Career Highlights

Date Event
10 May 1945 Launched
October 1945 Completed

Crew and Capacity Information

Item Value
Crew N/K
Passengers N/K
Cargo Capacity N/K

Status and Service History Information

Item Value
Status Broken Up
Service History Information Refitted with a diesel engine 1959. Change of name to San Javier and owner to Transportaciones Combinadas CA 1968, change of name to Amacuro and owner to CA Naviera Orinoco 1970, change of name to Tacamari and owner to Tacarigua Marina CA 1973, change of owner to Tacamar Panamena SA 1976. Taken to Cartegena, Colombia May 1979 for breaking by SIPSA

Dartwood

Dartwood
Click image for enlarged view

Basic Data

Item Value
Type Cargo Ship
Original Owners and Managers Wm.France, Fenwick & Co Ltd
Country First Registered UK
Shipbuilder William Pickersgill & Sons Ltd.
Shipyard Southwick
Country where built UK
Yard Number 339
Official Number 187344
Call Sign N/K
Classification Society N/K
Gross Tonnage 6,139
Deadweight (DWT) 10050
Net Tonnage 3,154
Length 457 Ft 3"
Overall Length N/K
Breadth or Beam 59 Ft 8"
Depth 38 Ft 3"
Draught 29 Ft
Engine Type Diesel Engine
Engine Details Doxford 4 cylinders of bore 600mm and stroke 2320mm
Engine Builder North Eastern Marine Engineering Co. Ltd.
Engine Builder Works Sunderland
Engine Builder Country UK
Boiler Details N/K
Propulsion Type Single Screw
Power 3300 BHP
Maximum Speed 12

Career Highlights

Date Event
19 October 1955 Launched
February 1956 Completed

Crew and Capacity Information

Item Value
Crew N/K
Passengers N/K
Cargo Capacity N/K

Status and Service History Information

Item Value
Status Broken Up
Service History Information Change of name to Spalmatori Captain and owner to Spalmatori Cia Naviera SA 1969, change of name to Princess Aquamarine and owner to Aquamarine Nav SA 1974. Taken to Kaohsiung 28 June 1979 for breaking by Lung Shing Steel Enterprise Co

Dalewood

Dalewood
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Basic Data

Item Value
Type Cargo Ship/Collier
Original Owners and Managers Wm France, Fenwick & Co Ltd
Country First Registered UK
Shipbuilder Bartram & Sons
Shipyard South Dock Sunderland
Country where built UK
Yard Number 406
Official Number 308136
Call Sign N/K
Classification Society N/K
Gross Tonnage 5,513
Deadweight (DWT) 7975
Net Tonnage 2,779
Length 370 Ft
Overall Length N/K
Breadth or Beam 53 Ft 8"
Depth 34 Ft 3"
Draught 24 Ft 6"
Engine Type Diesel Engine
Engine Details 5RD56 type 2 S.C.S.A. oil engine with 5 cylinders of bore 560mm and stroke 1000mm
Engine Builder Sulzer Brothers Ltd.
Engine Builder Works N/K
Engine Builder Country N/K
Boiler Details N/K
Propulsion Type Single Screw
Power 3,860 BHP
Maximum Speed 13

Career Highlights

Date Event
26 November 1965 Launched
May 1966 Completed

Crew and Capacity Information

Item Value
Crew N/K
Passengers N/K
Cargo Capacity N/K

Status and Service History Information

Item Value
Status Wrecked
Service History Information Change of name to Cymbeline and owner to Hadley Shipping Co Ltd 1974, change of name to Green Rock and owner to Graig Shipping plc 1984, change of name to Rocky and owner to Rockshire Shipping Co NV 1986. While sheltering from heavy weather in Ashdod Harbour, the vessel was driven aground south of Ashdod after her moorings had parted and was broken up in situ.

Deerwood

Deerwood
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Basic Data

Item Value
Type Cargo Ship
Original Owners and Managers Wm France, Fenwick & Co Ltd
Country First Registered UK
Shipbuilder William Pickersgill & Sons Ltd.
Shipyard Southwick
Country where built UK
Yard Number 338
Official Number 186281
Call Sign N/K
Classification Society N/K
Gross Tonnage 6,616
Deadweight (DWT) 8140
Net Tonnage 3,472
Length 427 Ft 9"
Overall Length N/K
Breadth or Beam 56 Ft 3"
Depth 30 Ft 6"
Draught 23 Ft 9"
Engine Type Diesel Engine
Engine Details Doxford 4 cylinder of bore 600mm and stroke 2320mm
Engine Builder North Eastern Marine Engineering Co. Ltd.
Engine Builder Works Sunderland
Engine Builder Country UK
Boiler Details N/K
Propulsion Type Single Screw
Power 3300 BHP
Maximum Speed 12

Career Highlights

Date Event
22 April 1955 Launched
September 1955 Completed

Crew and Capacity Information

Item Value
Crew N/K
Passengers N/K
Cargo Capacity N/K

Status and Service History Information

Item Value
Status Broken Up
Service History Information Change of name to Sebastiano and owner to Naviera Ceresio SA 1969, change of name to Morcote and owner to Brosalmar SA 1976, change of name to Feni 1977, change of name to Kyklops and owner to The Island of Aphrodite SA 1979, change of name to Sirlad and owner to Saboga Nav Co Ltd 1980. The vessel was damaged by an explosion on 3 January 1982 and taken to Sveti Kajo, Split on 19 February 1982 for breaking by Brodospas

Dashwood

Dashwood
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Basic Data

Item Value
Type Cargo Ship
Original Owners and Managers Wm.France, Fenwick & Co Ltd
Country First Registered UK
Shipbuilder John Crown & Sons Ltd.
Shipyard Strand Slipway, Monkwearmouth,
Country where built UK
Yard Number 217
Official Number 180955
Call Sign N/K
Classification Society N/K
Gross Tonnage 2,156
Deadweight (DWT) 2843
Net Tonnage 1,114
Length 284 Ft
Overall Length N/K
Breadth or Beam 41 Ft
Depth N/K
Draught 17 Ft 11"
Engine Type Triple-expansion Steam Engine
Engine Details Cylinders of bore 17", 27", 48" and stroke 36"
Engine Builder North Eastern Marine Engineering (1938) Ltd.
Engine Builder Works Sunderland
Engine Builder Country UK
Boiler Details N/K
Propulsion Type Single Screw
Power N/K
Maximum Speed 9.5

Career Highlights

Date Event
15 July 1946 Launched
September 1946 Completed

Crew and Capacity Information

Item Value
Crew N/K
Passengers N/K
Cargo Capacity N/K

Status and Service History Information

Item Value
Status Broken Up
Service History Information Launched as Empire Lambeth for the Briish Govenment. Completed as Dashwood for Wm. France, Fenwick & Co Ltd. Taken to Hendrik Ido Ambacht (Netherlands) June 1961 for breaking by NV Arie Rijsdijk-Boss & Zonen

Granwood

Granwood
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Basic Data

Item Value
Type Cargo Ship
Original Owners and Managers Wm.France, Fenwick & Co Ltd
Country First Registered UK
Shipbuilder John Readhead & Sons Ltd
Shipyard West Yard South Shields
Country where built UK
Yard Number 601
Official Number 301016
Call Sign N/K
Classification Society N/K
Gross Tonnage 8,182
Deadweight (DWT) N/K
Net Tonnage 4,388
Length 487 Ft 1"
Overall Length N/K
Breadth or Beam 61 Ft 3"
Depth 26 Ft
Draught N/K
Engine Type Diesel Engine
Engine Details Sulzer type, 2SA, 7 cylinders of bore 720mm and stroke 1250mm
Engine Builder G Clark & North-Eastern Marine Engineering Co (Sunderland) Ltd
Engine Builder Works Sunderland
Engine Builder Country UK
Boiler Details N/K
Propulsion Type Single Screw
Power 6,300 IHP
Maximum Speed 14

Career Highlights

Date Event
8 July 1959 Launched
October 1959 Completed

Crew and Capacity Information

Item Value
Crew N/K
Passengers N/K
Cargo Capacity N/K

Status and Service History Information

Item Value
Status Broken Up
Service History Information Change of name to Penny Michaels and owner to ofmike Corp 1971, change of name to Lamda 1976, change of name to Blue Danube 1980, change of name to Belmonte 1981. Taken to Chittagong 11 July 1982 for breaking by Karnafuly Metal Works

Monkwood

Monkwood
Click image for enlarged view

Basic Data

Item Value
Type Cargo Ship
Original Owners and Managers Wm France, Fenwick & Co Ltd
Country First Registered UK
Shipbuilder Samuel Peter Austin & Son
Shipyard Wear Dock Sunderland
Country where built UK
Yard Number 345
Official Number 166343
Call Sign GFFP
Classification Society N/K
Gross Tonnage 1,591
Deadweight (DWT) N/K
Net Tonnage 922
Length 255 Ft 2"
Overall Length 264 Ft
Breadth or Beam 37 Ft 4"
Depth 16 Ft 5"
Draught N/K
Engine Type Triple-expansion Steam Engine
Engine Details Cylinders of bore 15 1/2", 25", 44" and stroke 33"
Engine Builder N.E. Marine Engineering Co Ltd
Engine Builder Works Sunderland
Engine Builder Country UK
Boiler Details N/K
Propulsion Type Single Screw
Power 176 MN
Maximum Speed 10

Additional Construction Information

  • 1 deck and cruiser stern
  • Machinery aft

Career Highlights

Date Event
2 December 1937 Launched
January 1938 Completed

Crew and Capacity Information

Item Value
Crew N/K
Passengers N/K
Cargo Capacity N/K

Status and Service History Information

Item Value
Status Broken Up
Service History Information Taken to Dunston for breaking 9 April 1959

Pinewood

Pinewood
Click image for enlarged view

Basic Data

Item Value
Type Cargo Ship
Original Owners and Managers Wm France, Fenwick & Co Ltd
Country First Registered UK
Shipbuilder Samuel Peter Austin & Son
Shipyard Wear Dock Sunderland
Country where built UK
Yard Number 376
Official Number 180528
Call Sign GJQF
Classification Society N/K
Gross Tonnage 2,853
Deadweight (DWT) N/K
Net Tonnage 1,591
Length 317 Ft 3"
Overall Length 328 Ft 5"
Breadth or Beam 44 Ft 5"
Depth 19 Ft 9"
Draught N/K
Engine Type Triple-expansion Steam Engine
Engine Details Cylinders of bore 18 1/2", 31", 52" and stoke 39"
Engine Builder N.E. Marine Engineering Co
Engine Builder Works Sunderland
Engine Builder Country UK
Boiler Details 2 single-ended boilers operating at 220 psi
Propulsion Type Single Screw
Power 256 MN
Maximum Speed 9.5

Additional Construction Information

  • 1 deck and cruiser stern
  • Machinery aft
  • Fitted with echo sounding equipment

Career Highlights

Date Event
12 January 1945 Launched
March 1945 Completed

Crew and Capacity Information

Item Value
Crew N/K
Passengers N/K
Cargo Capacity N/K

Status and Service History Information

Item Value
Status Unknown
Service History Information Change of name to Coldstream and owner to Coastwise Colliers Ltd 1946, change of name to Pinewood and owner to Wm France, Fenwick & Co Ltd 1949. The vessel was hulked in Sweden in April 1967 and converted to a lighter. Her ultimate fate is not known.

Wrenwood

Wrenwood
Click image for enlarged view

Basic Data

Item Value
Type Cargo Ship
Original Owners and Managers Wm France, Fenwick & Co Ltd
Country First Registered UK
Shipbuilder Samuel Peter Austin & Son
Shipyard N/K
Country where built UK
Yard Number 368
Official Number 169604
Call Sign MQVP
Classification Society N/K
Gross Tonnage 2,847
Deadweight (DWT) N/K
Net Tonnage 1,588
Length 317 Ft 3"
Overall Length 328 Ft 5"
Breadth or Beam 44 Ft 5"
Depth 19 Ft 9"
Draught N/K
Engine Type Triple-expansion Steam Engine
Engine Details Cylinders of bore 18 1/2", 31", 52" and stroke 39"
Engine Builder N.E. Marine Engineering Co Ltd
Engine Builder Works Sunderland
Engine Builder Country UK
Boiler Details 2 single-ended boilers operating at 220 psi
Propulsion Type Single Screw
Power 256 MN
Maximum Speed 9.5

Additional Construction Information

  • 1 deck and cruiser stern
  • Machinery aft
  • Fitted with echo sounding equipment

Career Highlights

Date Event
2 June 1943 Launched
October 1943 Completed

Crew and Capacity Information

Item Value
Crew N/K
Passengers N/K
Cargo Capacity N/K

Status and Service History Information

Item Value
Status Sunk/foundered (Peacetime)
Service History Information Change of name to Collingbourne and owner to Coastwise Colliers Ltd 1946, change of name to Wrenwood and owner to Wm France, Fenwick & Co Ltd 1949, change of name to Ethel C and owner to Transportes Maritimos Castalia SA 1959. The vessel foundered on 16 April 1960 at approximate position 37° 21' N, 75° 15' W whilst en route from New York to Newport News with a cargo of scrap iron

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