Java China Line
The history begins with the mail packet service contracts in the Netherlands East Indies. In 1902 with the aid of the Dutch Government, three Dutch shipping companies started a new service from Java to China and Japan as the Java China Japan Line (JCJL). In 1907 the line to China and Japan was divided into two separate lines, one to China and the other to Japan which gave a better profit to the company. At the start of WW1 JCJL owned nine ships.
In 1920 JCJL provided capital and two ships to the N.V. Vereenigde Nederlandsche Scheepvaartmaatschappij, but there was a depression in the freight market and the JCJL withdraw them. The Java Pacific Line was temporarily stopped but reopened in 1927 without JCJL. The Wall Street crash of 1929 was the beginning of a big depression in the thirties and, with JCJL making losses, many ships were scrapped.
After 1936 the cargo and passengers markets were recovering and the company expanding the fleet again but this stopped when Holland was invaded by Germany early in WW2. The Dutch colonies in the Far East were still free and several ships were chartered to the Ministry of War Transport and when Japan attacked Pearl Harbour in 1941, Holland and its colonies declared war on Japan. After the war JCJL took over an Empire ship and two Victory ships from the American surplus fleet.
In 1947 the company was granted the prefix Koninklijke (Royal) and the Koninklijke Java China Paketvaart Lijnen (KJCPL) or Royal Interocean Lines was born. A new building program started in 1948 with orders for two passengers ships and two cargo passengers ships.
KPM was merged with KJCPL when Indonesia became independent in 1965 and in 1967 the fleet consisted of 77 ships. Four passengers ships were sold in 1968 and only cargo ships were ordered after that. By 1977 KJCPL was brought under the Nedlloyd banner and disappeared into history.
|Straat Agulhas||No Info||1969?|
|Straat Chatham||No Info||1962?|
|Straat Clarence||No Info|
|Straat Colombo||Cargo 379,629 G.||1962||Gross: 7553 Net: 4170||9860||NV Mch & Schps P. Smit Jnr. Rotterdam|
|Straat Cook||Cargo 378,000 G.||Oct 1956 Yard No: 960||Gross: 5324 Net: 2387||7250||Boele's Schps & Mach Bolnes.|
|Straat Cumberland||No Info|
|Straat Honshu||No Info||1968?|
|Straat Luanda||Cargo 327,000 G.||1958. Yard No: 113||Gross: 5921 Net: 3071||7516||NV Werf 'Gusto' Scheidam|
|Straat Madura||Cargo 378,000 G.||Dec 1956.||Gross: 5234 Net: 2438||7250||De Merwede' Hardinxveld|
|Straat Malakka||Cargo 513,995 G.||1939 Yard No: 635||Gross: 8315 Net: 4716||9188||Vander Geissen Scheepswerven, Krimpen|
|Straat Nagasaki||No Info||1972?|
|Straat Singapore||No Info||1957?|
|Straat Van Dieman||Cargo 552,390 G.||March 1959 Yard No: 624||Gross: 9607 Net: 5463||12250||NV Mch & Schps P. Smit Jnr. Rotterdam|