The references and sources in the table below have been used in the construction of this website and are referenced from the pages where used.

Ref. # Source
1 Miramar Ship Index: Subscription Website containing basic information about a very large number of merchant navy ships with search facilities based on ships name and official number.
2 Website: Website dedicated to WW2 U boats and their exploits. Unfortunately no longer available.
3 Website: Website dedicated to WW2 and WW1 U boats and includes information about ships damaged and sunk.
4 Convoyweb Convoy Database: An extensive and highly recommended Website that includes comprehensive information about WW2 convoys and other voyages of merchant ships and some information about ships that were lost.
5 Norwegian website that includes information about WW2 convoys.
6 Tom Proctor: Article included in BBC WW2 People’s War
7 Air of Authority: Website dedicated to the history of the RAF.
8 Wikipaedia entry: Vickers Wellington
9 244 Squadron 244 Squadron Newsletters
10 World Guns Website: Article about the Colt Browning M1895/14 machine gun, made by Marlin Corp
11 website: Article about the Marlin machine gun
12 Anderson, John: Nevil Shute and the DMWD, Available online at The Neville Shute Norway Foundation
13 Navweaps website: Site specialising in naval weaponry
14 Friends of HMCS Haida: Website dedicated to the last WW2 Tribal Class Destroyer
15 Guns Magazine: March 2000, Article by Robert Bruce: The Lewis Gun - Product Information
16 Sir Archibald Hunt: Britain's Merchant Navy, Odhams Press Limited (no publishing date but estimated at 1942-43 based on content)
17 Hague, Arnold (2003): The Allied Convoy System, 1939-1945 : Its Organization, Defence and Operation; Chatham Publishing, ISBN: 1861761473
18 Picture Stockton: Online Photographic Collection website
19 Thames Sailing Barge website: Page on Decima
20 Ahoy - Mac’s Web Log: Naval, Maritime, Australian History and More
21 WW2 People's War: WW2 People's War is an online archive of wartime memories contributed by members of the public and gathered by the BBC. The archive can be found at
22 Australian War Memorial: Appendix from document regarding Defensively Equipped Merchant Ships
23 Hervey Benham: Down Tops'l, George G Harrap & Co. Ltd, 1951, ISBN 0 245 50661
24 HMSO (1947): British Vessels lost at sea 1939-45; reprinted by Patrick Stephens, Cambridge 1983 ISBN 0-85059 659 9
25 Wikipedia entry for Thomas Kelly GC
26 Bill Taylor's Memoir: My Unusual Voyage Aboard the Empress of Asia and the Aftermath
27 A History of the Fire Service in Epsom and Ewell
28 By courtesy of The Allen Collection
29 Provenance unknown
30 By courtesy of Chris Anderson
31 By courtesy of Anthony Bernthal
32 By courtesy of Wikipedia and Wikipedia Commons
33 By courtesy of Guy Freeman
34 By courtesy of Captain Carré
35 By courtesy of Richard Crow
36 By courtesy of the Tom Rayner Collection
37 By courtesy of the P & O Collection
38 By courtesy of the Australia War Memorial Collection
39 By courtesy of Kevin Patience
40 By courtesy of The British Library
41 By courtesy of Kinyarwanda Hope Magazine
42 By courtesy of Real Photographs Co. Ltd.
43 By courtesy of the State Library of Queensland
44 By courtesy of Philip Dilworth
45 By courtesy of
46 By courtesy of
47 By courtesy of Google Earth
48 By courtesy of Dennis Lockyer
49 By courtesy of
50 By courtesy of The Simon's Town Historical Society
51 By courtesy of Geoffrey Bamford
52 By courtesy of Stan Mayes
53 By courtesy of Donald MacFadyen
54 By courtesy of Google Street View
55 By courtesy of the State Library of Tasmania
56 By courtesy of the Old Worcester Association
57 By courtesy of Duncan Hawes
58 By courtesy of Australian War Memorial Nautical Collection
59 By courtesy of Old Ship Picture Galleries
60 By courtesy of Fire Brigades of Surrey Preservation Trust
61 By courtesy of The Daily Mail
62 By courtesy of Bomb Site - mapping the WW2 bomb census
63 By courtesy of London Fire
64 By courtesy of Tops'l Magazine
65 By courtesy of Roger Beckett
66 From Brian Watson's photograph and postcard collection
67 By courtesy of Britain from Above
68 By courtesy of Clive Ketley
69 By courtesy of Historical RFA
70 By courtesy of Heidi Jaggs
71 By courtesy of The Gravesend Messenger
72 By courtesy of Bill Ross
73 By courtesy of Malcolm Salter
74 By courtesy of State Library of Victoria - Allan C. Green collection of glass negatives
75 By courtesy of the A. J. Smythe Collection
76 By courtesy of the Imperial War Museum
77 By courtesy of World Aircraft Carriers List
78 By courtesy of the South Australian Maritime Museum
79 By courtesy of the Illustrated London News
80 By courtesy of the former website This excellent website closed in 2014 following the sad death of the website owner Fred Waddington. With the agreement of his widow Bobbie I have re-published as much of the material from the website as I can so that it is not lost.
81 By courtesy of Phil Witten and Judith Phillips (neé Witten)
82 By courtesy of the Benjidog Tower Hill website
83 By courtesy of Al Wouters
84 By courtesy of Clare Koebert

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